The Family and Medical Leave Act was signed into law on Feb. 5, 1993 by President Bill Clinton, according to The Atlantic. The FMLA has its origins in President Ronald Reagan's terms in office, but President George H.W. Bush vetoed the legislation.
The FMLA provides job protection to workers if they require time off to take care of a family member for 12 weeks. The amount of unpaid time off increases to 26 weeks out of one 12-month period if the ill family member is a member of the United States military, notes the United States Department of Labor. In mid-2014, the FMLA definition of a spouse was revised to include workers in same-sex marriages.