The Fair Housing Act, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act are federal laws that prohibit discrimination in housing, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Fair Housing Act governs the sale, lease and mortgaging of most housing, except in special circumstances such as the sale and lease of a home without a broker.
The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in selling or leasing a home based on race, religion, sex, disability and having children in the home, according to HUD. It limits acts of discrimination against certain classes of individuals including setting different terms for sale or lease, denying housing is available, and denying access to services related to the sale or lease of property. The FHA further prevents discrimination in mortgage lending and prohibits lenders from imposing different loan terms on protected classes of individuals and refusing to provide information regarding mortgage loans. The act also prohibits any individual from threatening others for asserting their rights under the FHA. Other laws, such as Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, operate to prevent HUD funding recipients from discriminating against protected classes.
Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act aim to make certain types of housing accessible to individuals with disabilities. The housing types include those that are operated by state and local governments or provided by HUD funding recipients and those that are considered public housing, explains Fair Housing Accessibility First.