Factors that affect Supplemental Security Income payments include eligibility, income, resources and living arrangements, reports the Social Security Administration. Additionally, location is important, as some states supplement basic federal SSI payments and others do not. SSI benefit amounts adjust automatically from year to year based on the consumer price index.
To be eligible to receive SSI payments, individuals must have limited income and resources and be blind, disabled, or age 65 or over, explains the Social Security Administration. They also must reside in the United States and be U.S. citizens or eligible aliens. A qualifying disability must prevent the person from performing substantial gainful activity and last 12 months or more or be expected to result in death. To assess an applicant's income, the Social Security Administration counts wages from work, Social Security benefits, unemployment benefits, workers' compensation, and help from relatives and friends. Countable resources include cash, bank accounts, real estate, vehicles and other personal property.
Depending on their income, resources and living arrangements, individuals or couples may receive partial or maximum SSI benefit amounts, according to the Social Security Administration. In some states, the Social Security Administration administers payment of a state supplement, while other states administer and pay their own supplements. In some states, SSI payment criteria for disabled or blind children are different than for adults.