US Government

A:

The process for receiving the Medal of Honor, often inaccurately referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor, is intricate. First, the individual must exhibit an extraordinary act of valor in combat. After this deed is witnessed, the recommendation for the award is passed up a chain of responsible persons culminating with the president. If the soldier, sailor or marine gains approval, the president awards the medal personally.

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  • What are the duties of Congress?

    Q: What are the duties of Congress?

    A: Congress has many duties, including collecting taxes, paying the country's debt and providing for the safety of its citizens. Congress is also responsible for making laws.
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  • Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    Q: Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    A: Celebrities have been known to testify in front of Congress for causes they care about, but only one of those celebrities was a red, fuzzy monster. In 2002, Elmo, a beloved resident of Sesame Street, met with Congress to discuss more funding for music programs in schools.
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  • How often is the State of the Union address given?

    Q: How often is the State of the Union address given?

    A: The State of the Union address is mandated by the Constitution and given once per year, in early January. Prior to 1934, the State of the Union address was given in December, but that changed when the opening of Congress moved from March to January.
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  • When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    Q: When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    A: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the records from the 1950 Census are scheduled for release on April 1, 2022. Records from the U.S. Census are not made publicly accessible until 72 years after the census of population and housing has taken place.
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  • How does the government borrow money?

    Q: How does the government borrow money?

    A: According to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. government borrows money primarily through the issuance of U.S. Treasury bonds. Part of the bonds are open to the public; individuals, state governments, foreign governments and corporations can buy them. U.S. trust funds with surpluses, such as Social Security, purchase non-marketable bonds, so the U.S. Treasury receives funds to pay its bills but cannot sell the bond on the marketplace.
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  • What is federal bureaucracy?

    Q: What is federal bureaucracy?

    A: Federal bureaucracy refers to the organization of government offices that implement public policy. Highly complex societies require federal bureaucracy to manage public programs and ensure the enforcement of legislation. The bureaucracy controls everything from collecting tax revenue, to monitoring public safety programs and regulating the economy.
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  • What is a national budget?

    Q: What is a national budget?

    A: A national budget is the proposal of revenues and expenditures a government expects for a given fiscal year. It is much like any budget in that it estimates necessary spending against necessary income, only on a much larger scale.
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  • What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    Q: What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    A: The rise of political parties in the 1790's was largely the result of the formation of groups with opposing views about the structure of government. The first two groups were the Federalists, who supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution and a strong central government, and the Republicans, who supported the opposite. These two groups became the first "political parties."
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  • What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    Q: What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    A: Rules for flying the American Flag fall under several categories: the folding and unfolding of the flag, the method of display, the definition of a flag and flag proportions. All flags must meet the United States Flag Code.
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  • What does the Department of Labor do?

    Q: What does the Department of Labor do?

    A: According to its mission statement, the U.S. Department of Labor exists to "foster, promote and develop the welfare" of workers, those seeking employment and those who are retired. The Department of Labor is committed to doing this through the improvement of working conditions, creating work opportunities and overseeing the administration of workers' rights laws.
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  • Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    Q: Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    A: Fort Knox has been the site of the United States Bullion Depository since 1937, and it contains approximately 3 percent of all the gold that has ever been refined. At various times, the depository has held other valuable items, but gold remains its main holding.
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  • How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    Q: How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    A: The process for receiving the Medal of Honor, often inaccurately referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor, is intricate. First, the individual must exhibit an extraordinary act of valor in combat. After this deed is witnessed, the recommendation for the award is passed up a chain of responsible persons culminating with the president. If the soldier, sailor or marine gains approval, the president awards the medal personally.
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  • How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    Q: How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    A: One hundred people serve in the Senate of the United States. Each of the 50 states is guaranteed two Senators. The District of Columbia does not have a U.S. Senator, nor do any of the U.S. territories.
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  • What is the only crime defined by the Constitution?

    Q: What is the only crime defined by the Constitution?

    A: The only crime defined in the Constitution of the United States is treason. The reason why treason is defined is that, under English common law, crimes were defined by courts based on what they believed violated justice. Without proper definition, anyone could be sentenced for treason on a court's whim.
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  • What is the job description of a majority whip?

    Q: What is the job description of a majority whip?

    A: In a legislative body, a majority whip is a member of the dominant political party whose task it is to keep voting members in line with the party's goals and ideologies. About.com expert Robert Longley explains that the majority whip ensures attendance at all important votes and legislative sessions. This official also has the authority to reward and punish members for their compliance or lack thereof.
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  • How many Presidents have resigned from office?

    Q: How many Presidents have resigned from office?

    A: As of 2014, there has been only one president to resign from office. That president was Richard Nixon on Aug. 9, 1974. Minutes after his resignation, Vice President Gerald R. Ford was sworn into office as the 37th president of the United States.
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  • Why is it so difficult to amend the Constitution?

    Q: Why is it so difficult to amend the Constitution?

    A: The Constitution is difficult to amend because it requires a supermajority of either members of Congress or a supermajority of state legislatures to propose a new amendment for ratification. Even after acquiring the requisite two-thirds of either group to propose the amendment, it then has to be ratified by 75 percent of the states, either by their legislatures or state Constitutional conventions.
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  • What is a right or freedom from the First Amendment?

    Q: What is a right or freedom from the First Amendment?

    A: According to Cornell University Law School, the First Amendment protects the rights to freedom of religion, the right to assemble, and freedom of expression, which includes freedom of speech and of the press. It also provides the right to petition the government in the event of grievances.
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  • What is the difference between federal and state governments?

    Q: What is the difference between federal and state governments?

    A: The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.
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  • Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?

    Q: Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?

    A: Thomas Jefferson is considered to be the primary author of the Declaration of Independence, according to America's Library, of the Library of Congress. Jefferson wrote the draft that was considered by the Continental Congress between June 11 and 28, 1776.
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  • How do you apply for Obamacare?

    Q: How do you apply for Obamacare?

    A: In order to make signing up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act as easy as possible, the Obama administration has set up a central website, Healthcare.gov, to handle applications. Entering your information into this site allows the site to guide you through the process of establishing health insurance for yourself and your family.
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