US Government

A:

Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What is federal bureaucracy?

    Q: What is federal bureaucracy?

    A: Federal bureaucracy refers to the organization of government offices that implement public policy. Highly complex societies require federal bureaucracy to manage public programs and ensure the enforcement of legislation. The bureaucracy controls everything from collecting tax revenue, to monitoring public safety programs and regulating the economy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does the government borrow money?

    Q: How does the government borrow money?

    A: According to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. government borrows money primarily through the issuance of U.S. Treasury bonds. Part of the bonds are open to the public; individuals, state governments, foreign governments and corporations can buy them. U.S. trust funds with surpluses, such as Social Security, purchase non-marketable bonds, so the U.S. Treasury receives funds to pay its bills but cannot sell the bond on the marketplace.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    Q: Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    A: Fort Knox has been the site of the United States Bullion Depository since 1937, and it contains approximately 3 percent of all the gold that has ever been refined. At various times, the depository has held other valuable items, but gold remains its main holding.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a national budget?

    Q: What is a national budget?

    A: A national budget is the proposal of revenues and expenditures a government expects for a given fiscal year. It is much like any budget in that it estimates necessary spending against necessary income, only on a much larger scale.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the duties of Congress?

    Q: What are the duties of Congress?

    A: Congress has many duties, including collecting taxes, paying the country's debt and providing for the safety of its citizens. Congress is also responsible for making laws.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    Q: Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    A: Celebrities have been known to testify in front of Congress for causes they care about, but only one of those celebrities was a red, fuzzy monster. In 2002, Elmo, a beloved resident of Sesame Street, met with Congress to discuss more funding for music programs in schools.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    Q: What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    A: The rise of political parties in the 1790's was largely the result of the formation of groups with opposing views about the structure of government. The first two groups were the Federalists, who supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution and a strong central government, and the Republicans, who supported the opposite. These two groups became the first "political parties."
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    Q: How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    A: The process for receiving the Medal of Honor, often inaccurately referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor, is intricate. First, the individual must exhibit an extraordinary act of valor in combat. After this deed is witnessed, the recommendation for the award is passed up a chain of responsible persons culminating with the president. If the soldier, sailor or marine gains approval, the president awards the medal personally.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    Q: When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    A: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the records from the 1950 Census are scheduled for release on April 1, 2022. Records from the U.S. Census are not made publicly accessible until 72 years after the census of population and housing has taken place.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How often is the State of the Union address given?

    Q: How often is the State of the Union address given?

    A: The State of the Union address is mandated by the Constitution and given once per year, in early January. Prior to 1934, the State of the Union address was given in December, but that changed when the opening of Congress moved from March to January.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    Q: What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    A: Rules for flying the American Flag fall under several categories: the folding and unfolding of the flag, the method of display, the definition of a flag and flag proportions. All flags must meet the United States Flag Code.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What does the Department of Labor do?

    Q: What does the Department of Labor do?

    A: According to its mission statement, the U.S. Department of Labor exists to "foster, promote and develop the welfare" of workers, those seeking employment and those who are retired. The Department of Labor is committed to doing this through the improvement of working conditions, creating work opportunities and overseeing the administration of workers' rights laws.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is judicial power?

    Q: What is judicial power?

    A: Judicial power involves constitutional authority assigned to courts and judges, according to the Free Dictionary. The authority enables them to interpret and apply the law, arbitrate legal disputes and carry out justice.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the purpose of legislation?

    Q: What is the purpose of legislation?

    A: The purpose of legislation is to provide a governing framework. According to Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute, legislation includes both the process of statutory formulation and the resulting statute itself. Legislation guides the policy of government and ensures a code of conduct between citizens as well as between the government and citizens. In the United States, the legislative process occurs on both a federal and state level.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the qualifications for becoming a U.S. Senator?

    Q: What are the qualifications for becoming a U.S. Senator?

    A: To qualify as a candidate for the office of United States Senator, the person must be at least 30 years old, must reside in the state from which he or she is elected, and must have been a U.S. citizen for a minimum of 9 years. These requirements are set forth in the U.S. Constitution.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the special duties of the United States House of Representatives?

    Q: What are the special duties of the United States House of Representatives?

    A: The special duties of the U.S. House of Representatives include the power to initiate bills to collect tax money and other revenue, the ability to impeach federal officials and the duty to elect the president if there is a tie in the electoral college. In addition to these special duties, the U.S. House of Representatives, along with the U.S. Senate, proposes, studies and votes on legislation that affects the United States at the federal level. In order for a bill to be sent to the president for approval, it must pass both the U.S. House and the U.S. Senate.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the benefits of being President of the United States?

    Q: What are the benefits of being President of the United States?

    A: There are many benefits to being President of the United States: an annual salary; expense and travel accounts; housing in the White Hose, Camp David, and a guest house; Presidential State Car; Air Force One and Marine One for transportation; protection by the Secret Service; and great retirement benefits. While the position of president is not the most lucrative, the benefits compensate for the pay.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is the Fifth Amendment important?

    Q: Why is the Fifth Amendment important?

    A: The Fifth Amendment is important because it specifies legal safeguards for the criminally accused that are designed to protect citizens' life, liberty and property. Among these safeguards are protection against multiple trials for the same crime and the right to refrain from presenting self-incriminating testimony.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many votes does it take to impeach a President?

    Q: How many votes does it take to impeach a President?

    A: A simple majority of the U.S. House of Representatives (at least 218 votes) is required to impeach a U.S. President, followed by a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate (at least 67 votes). The number of votes required make impeachment difficult. No American President has been removed from office by impeachment.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    Q: How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    A: One hundred people serve in the Senate of the United States. Each of the 50 states is guaranteed two Senators. The District of Columbia does not have a U.S. Senator, nor do any of the U.S. territories.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?

    Q: How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?

    A: Nine judges, called justices, form the United States Supreme Court. One of the justices serves as the chief justice, while the remaining eight serve as associate justices. The nine current Supreme Court justices include Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel Anthony Alito Jr., Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: