US Government

A:

The main purpose of the executive branch is to be sure the laws of the nation are followed and that the responsibilities of government are fulfilled. The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President and Cabinet members.

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  • What does the Department of Labor do?

    Q: What does the Department of Labor do?

    A: According to its mission statement, the U.S. Department of Labor exists to "foster, promote and develop the welfare" of workers, those seeking employment and those who are retired. The Department of Labor is committed to doing this through the improvement of working conditions, creating work opportunities and overseeing the administration of workers' rights laws.
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  • When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    Q: When will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census be available online?

    A: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the records from the 1950 Census are scheduled for release on April 1, 2022. Records from the U.S. Census are not made publicly accessible until 72 years after the census of population and housing has taken place.
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  • How does the government borrow money?

    Q: How does the government borrow money?

    A: According to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. government borrows money primarily through the issuance of U.S. Treasury bonds. Part of the bonds are open to the public; individuals, state governments, foreign governments and corporations can buy them. U.S. trust funds with surpluses, such as Social Security, purchase non-marketable bonds, so the U.S. Treasury receives funds to pay its bills but cannot sell the bond on the marketplace.
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  • What is a national budget?

    Q: What is a national budget?

    A: A national budget is the proposal of revenues and expenditures a government expects for a given fiscal year. It is much like any budget in that it estimates necessary spending against necessary income, only on a much larger scale.
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  • How often is the State of the Union address given?

    Q: How often is the State of the Union address given?

    A: The State of the Union address is mandated by the Constitution and given once per year, in early January. Prior to 1934, the State of the Union address was given in December, but that changed when the opening of Congress moved from March to January.
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  • What is federal bureaucracy?

    Q: What is federal bureaucracy?

    A: Federal bureaucracy refers to the organization of government offices that implement public policy. Highly complex societies require federal bureaucracy to manage public programs and ensure the enforcement of legislation. The bureaucracy controls everything from collecting tax revenue, to monitoring public safety programs and regulating the economy.
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  • Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    Q: Is there gold in Fort Knox?

    A: Fort Knox has been the site of the United States Bullion Depository since 1937, and it contains approximately 3 percent of all the gold that has ever been refined. At various times, the depository has held other valuable items, but gold remains its main holding.
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  • How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    Q: How do you receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    A: The process for receiving the Medal of Honor, often inaccurately referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor, is intricate. First, the individual must exhibit an extraordinary act of valor in combat. After this deed is witnessed, the recommendation for the award is passed up a chain of responsible persons culminating with the president. If the soldier, sailor or marine gains approval, the president awards the medal personally.
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  • What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    Q: What are the rules for flying the American flag?

    A: Rules for flying the American Flag fall under several categories: the folding and unfolding of the flag, the method of display, the definition of a flag and flag proportions. All flags must meet the United States Flag Code.
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  • What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    Q: What led to the rise of political parties in the 1790's?

    A: The rise of political parties in the 1790's was largely the result of the formation of groups with opposing views about the structure of government. The first two groups were the Federalists, who supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution and a strong central government, and the Republicans, who supported the opposite. These two groups became the first "political parties."
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  • Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    Q: Which Sesame Street character testified in front of Congress?

    A: Celebrities have been known to testify in front of Congress for causes they care about, but only one of those celebrities was a red, fuzzy monster. In 2002, Elmo, a beloved resident of Sesame Street, met with Congress to discuss more funding for music programs in schools.
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  • What are the duties of Congress?

    Q: What are the duties of Congress?

    A: Congress has many duties, including collecting taxes, paying the country's debt and providing for the safety of its citizens. Congress is also responsible for making laws.
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  • How many Presidents have resigned from office?

    Q: How many Presidents have resigned from office?

    A: As of 2014, there has been only one president to resign from office. That president was Richard Nixon on Aug. 9, 1974. Minutes after his resignation, Vice President Gerald R. Ford was sworn into office as the 37th president of the United States.
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  • What is ensuring domestic tranquility?

    Q: What is ensuring domestic tranquility?

    A: Ensuring domestic tranquility involves keeping the peace within the nation. It means preventing domestic terrorism at the hands of citizens and outsiders and controlling rebellious behavior that threatens to undermine national security.
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  • What are examples of judicial power?

    Q: What are examples of judicial power?

    A: The judicial system's power relies on the structure of checks and balances in government. The judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, courts of appeal and district courts. The judicial branch checks both the executive and legislative branch, but it also follows balances from these two branches. It has the power to enforce law and order and protect the rights of the citizenry.
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  • Who has the sole power of impeachment?

    Q: Who has the sole power of impeachment?

    A: Impeachment power is given solely to the House of Representatives. It also includes the power to disqualify an impeached officer from holding future positions. The Senate is the sole court for impeachment trials, while fines and imprisonment penalties are addressed in civil courts.
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  • Who is the head of the legislative branch?

    Q: Who is the head of the legislative branch?

    A: Both the Speaker of the House and the Vice President of the United States head the legislative branch of the government. The legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and the Senate.
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  • Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    Q: Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    A: As of March 26, 2014, the U.S. House of Representatives is controlled by a Republican majority. The Republicans control a total of 233 seats.
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  • Who serves as president of the Senate in the vice president's absence?

    Q: Who serves as president of the Senate in the vice president's absence?

    A: The president pro tempore is the senatorial official who serves as president of the Senate when the vice president is absent. President pro tempore means "president for a time."
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  • Do judges make law?

    Q: Do judges make law?

    A: Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.
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  • Why is the Third Amendment so important?

    Q: Why is the Third Amendment so important?

    A: According to the Rutherford Institute, the importance of the Third Amendment is that it prevents the military from entering the private property of civilians during peace time. The amendment also limits the use of private property by the military in war time. The only exception is in cases pertaining to national security.
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