US Government

A:

Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.

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  • What Is Federal Bureaucracy?

    Q: What Is Federal Bureaucracy?

    A: Federal bureaucracy refers to the organization of government offices that implement public policy. Highly complex societies require federal bureaucracy to manage public programs and ensure the enforcement of legislation. The bureaucracy controls everything from collecting tax revenue, to monitoring public safety programs and regulating the economy.
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  • How Do You Receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    Q: How Do You Receive a Congressional Medal of Honor?

    A: The process for receiving the Medal of Honor, often inaccurately referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor, is intricate. First, the individual must exhibit an extraordinary act of valor in combat. After this deed is witnessed, the recommendation for the award is passed up a chain of responsible persons culminating with the president. If the soldier, sailor or marine gains approval, the president awards the medal personally.
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  • How Often Is the State of the Union Address Given?

    Q: How Often Is the State of the Union Address Given?

    A: The State of the Union address is mandated by the Constitution and given once per year, in early January. Prior to 1934, the State of the Union address was given in December, but that changed when the opening of Congress moved from March to January.
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  • When Will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census Be Available Online?

    Q: When Will the 1950 U.S. Federal Census Be Available Online?

    A: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the records from the 1950 Census are scheduled for release on April 1, 2022. Records from the U.S. Census are not made publicly accessible until 72 years after the census of population and housing has taken place.
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  • Which Sesame Street Character Testified in Front of Congress?

    Q: Which Sesame Street Character Testified in Front of Congress?

    A: Celebrities have been known to testify in front of Congress for causes they care about, but only one of those celebrities was a red, fuzzy monster. In 2002, Elmo, a beloved resident of Sesame Street, met with Congress to discuss more funding for music programs in schools.
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  • What Is a National Budget?

    Q: What Is a National Budget?

    A: A national budget is the proposal of revenues and expenditures a government expects for a given fiscal year. It is much like any budget in that it estimates necessary spending against necessary income, only on a much larger scale.
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  • What Are the Duties of Congress?

    Q: What Are the Duties of Congress?

    A: Congress has many duties, including collecting taxes, paying the country's debt and providing for the safety of its citizens. Congress is also responsible for making laws.
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  • Is There Gold in Fort Knox?

    Q: Is There Gold in Fort Knox?

    A: Fort Knox has been the site of the United States Bullion Depository since 1937, and it contains approximately 3 percent of all the gold that has ever been refined. At various times, the depository has held other valuable items, but gold remains its main holding.
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  • What Are the Rules for Flying the American Flag?

    Q: What Are the Rules for Flying the American Flag?

    A: Rules for flying the American Flag fall under several categories: the folding and unfolding of the flag, the method of display, the definition of a flag and flag proportions. All flags must meet the United States Flag Code.
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  • How Does the Government Borrow Money?

    Q: How Does the Government Borrow Money?

    A: According to the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. government borrows money primarily through the issuance of U.S. Treasury bonds. Part of the bonds are open to the public; individuals, state governments, foreign governments and corporations can buy them. U.S. trust funds with surpluses, such as Social Security, purchase non-marketable bonds, so the U.S. Treasury receives funds to pay its bills but cannot sell the bond on the marketplace.
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  • What Led to the Rise of Political Parties in the 1790's?

    Q: What Led to the Rise of Political Parties in the 1790's?

    A: The rise of political parties in the 1790's was largely the result of the formation of groups with opposing views about the structure of government. The first two groups were the Federalists, who supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution and a strong central government, and the Republicans, who supported the opposite. These two groups became the first "political parties."
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  • What Does the Department of Labor Do?

    Q: What Does the Department of Labor Do?

    A: According to its mission statement, the U.S. Department of Labor exists to "foster, promote and develop the welfare" of workers, those seeking employment and those who are retired. The Department of Labor is committed to doing this through the improvement of working conditions, creating work opportunities and overseeing the administration of workers' rights laws.
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  • How Old Do You Have to Be to Run for President?

    Q: How Old Do You Have to Be to Run for President?

    A: According to the United States Constitution, a presidential candidate must be at least 35 years old. There is no upper age limit. In addition to minimum age, presidential hopefuls must fulfill other requirements.
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  • How Many People Work in the Pentagon?

    Q: How Many People Work in the Pentagon?

    A: As of 2014, about 23,000 people work in the Pentagon. The staff at the Pentagon includes a combination of civilian and military personnel. The facility was completed in 1943 and was meant to be the hub from which the country managed issues related to World War II.
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  • What Is the Purpose of the Constitution?

    Q: What Is the Purpose of the Constitution?

    A: The main purpose of the U.S. Constitution is to establish the basic rights of all American citizens and provide direction on how the government should work. The Constitution also provides the framework for law and order and describes the roles of the government's federal judiciary branch, legislative branch and executive branch.
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  • What Is a Summary of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution?

    Q: What Is a Summary of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution?

    A: The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution pertains to the abolition of slavery and involuntary servitude. It was adopted on Dec. 6, 1865, as part of a suite of amendments passed in response to the Civil War, regarding civil rights and black suffrage.
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  • What Are the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Constitution?

    Q: What Are the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Constitution?

    A: The United States Constitution provides the foundation for a strong central government with authority to regulate interstate disputes and commerce, enforce citizens' rights and defend from hostile forces. However, much of it is too vague to provide definitive interpretations. It can be amended, but the process is slow. Citizens vote for representatives directly but don't get a direct vote on policies. There is no way to address bipartisanship.
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  • Who Is the Head of the Legislative Branch?

    Q: Who Is the Head of the Legislative Branch?

    A: Both the Speaker of the House and the Vice President of the United States head the legislative branch of the government. The legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and the Senate.
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  • What Are the Qualifications for Becoming a U.S. Senator?

    Q: What Are the Qualifications for Becoming a U.S. Senator?

    A: To qualify as a candidate for the office of United States Senator, the person must be at least 30 years old, must reside in the state from which he or she is elected, and must have been a U.S. citizen for a minimum of 9 years. These requirements are set forth in the U.S. Constitution.
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  • How Does a Bill Move Through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    Q: How Does a Bill Move Through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    A: A bill is first introduced by any member of the House of Representatives, then it goes to a committee for study before possibly being added to the House calendar for debate, amendments and then a final vote. If a bill is passed, it goes to the Senate for consideration. A conference committee between both chambers is needed if the Senate passes a different version of the House bill.
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  • Who Was the Main Influence in the Development of the Bill of Rights?

    Q: Who Was the Main Influence in the Development of the Bill of Rights?

    A: ConstitutionFacts.com states that James Madison originally proposed the Bill of Rights because some of the founding fathers argued that the U.S. Constitution did not protect human rights. Key influences in this proposal include the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the English Declaration of Rights and works of the Age of Enlightenment.
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