Types of Government

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According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.

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  • What Type of Government Does South Korea Have?

    Q: What Type of Government Does South Korea Have?

    A: The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic that operates with three principal branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The country has experienced a number of transitions in their government's structure since Korea was divided into two occupations zones in 1945. At that time, the USSR occupied the northern portion of the country and the United States the southern portion.
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  • What Is a Politician's Job Description?

    Q: What Is a Politician's Job Description?

    A: The job description of a politician varies according to the specific office he holds, but generally all positions involve analyzing issues, deliberating with advisers and fellow law makers, meeting with constituents and attending meetings to formalize law. Since most political decisions are popularly decided, campaigning is a large part of the job. This also means that politicians generally do not need a specific background, although familiarity with government processes helps.
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  • What Countries Still Have a Dictatorship?

    Q: What Countries Still Have a Dictatorship?

    A: There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.
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  • Is Karl Marx the Father of Sociology?

    Q: Is Karl Marx the Father of Sociology?

    A: Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.
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  • What Is the Divine Right Theory of Government?

    Q: What Is the Divine Right Theory of Government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
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  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Fascism?

    Q: What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Fascism?

    A: Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.
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  • Which Countries Have Autocracy Governments?

    Q: Which Countries Have Autocracy Governments?

    A: The number of autocracies in the world varies between studies depending on their methodologies, but a core group of autocratic regimes appear across the most influential studies. These include Cuba, Belarus, Eritrea, Syria, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam.
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  • What Is Tribal Rule?

    Q: What Is Tribal Rule?

    A: The concept of tribal rule refers to the ability of a group of a singular culture or ethnicity to enact their own government while within the borders of another nation. Groups like Native American tribes have their own systems of governance separate from the U.S. government.
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  • What Is a Federal Democracy?

    Q: What Is a Federal Democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
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  • How Do You Address the Mayor?

    Q: How Do You Address the Mayor?

    A: When addressing written correspondence to a mayor, the official is addressed as "The Honorable" followed by the individual's full name. The salutation in such a communication reads "Dear Mayor" followed by the individual's surname.
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  • What Type of Government Does China Have?

    Q: What Type of Government Does China Have?

    A: China is ruled by a communist government. This government has been in place since 1949. Communism in China, and in communist governments across the world, strives for equality among its citizens in economy and class.
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  • What Form of Democracy Do We Have in This Country?

    Q: What Form of Democracy Do We Have in This Country?

    A: The United States practices representative democracy. In this democratic system, citizens vote democratically for representatives who meet to pass laws at the state and federal level.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship?

    A: A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.
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  • What Kind of Government Does Singapore Have?

    Q: What Kind of Government Does Singapore Have?

    A: The Singapore government describes itself as a "sovereign republic." It has three governing bodies: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. English common law is the foundation for its legal system.
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  • What Are Examples of Oligarchy?

    Q: What Are Examples of Oligarchy?

    A: Some examples of the oligarchic system of government can be found in Russia following the fall of the Soviet Union when a group of private businessmen dominated both wealth and political power in the Russian government. In the Russian example, oligarchs are identified as business magnates perceived as close to the current form of government. As of today, Russia has 77 billionaires with a combined worth of $282.6 billion.
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  • What Are the Differences Between Communism and Capitalism?

    Q: What Are the Differences Between Communism and Capitalism?

    A: According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.
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  • What Are Some Arguments Against Internet Voting?

    Q: What Are Some Arguments Against Internet Voting?

    A: Critics of Internet voting do not believe that it is possible for the process to be secure and trustworthy. For example, computer viruses are possible problems. It is feasible that hackers could have the ability to alter candidate line-ups, switch votes and change log-ins on personal computers. If a virus interferes with votes at keyboards or screens, the voting process could be compromised.
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  • What Are the Characteristics of Theocracy?

    Q: What Are the Characteristics of Theocracy?

    A: Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.
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  • How Did Kim Jong-Il Come to Power?

    Q: How Did Kim Jong-Il Come to Power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • What Kind of Government Does England Have?

    Q: What Kind of Government Does England Have?

    A: England's government is a constitutional monarchy. In this system, the monarch is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is head of Her Majesty's Government, which wields executive power.
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  • The Government of England: Constitutional Monarchy

    Q: The Government of England: Constitutional Monarchy

    A: The government of England, as part of the United Kingdom, is a constitutional monarchy. This type of governmental structure allows the monarchy to share power with an organized government.
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