Types of Government

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Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.

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  • What type of government does South Korea have?

    Q: What type of government does South Korea have?

    A: The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic that operates with three principal branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The country has experienced a number of transitions in their government's structure since Korea was divided into two occupations zones in 1945. At that time, the USSR occupied the northern portion of the country and the United States the southern portion.
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  • What are examples of oligarchy?

    Q: What are examples of oligarchy?

    A: Some examples of the oligarchic system of government can be found in Russia following the fall of the Soviet Union when a group of private businessmen dominated both wealth and political power in the Russian government. In the Russian example, oligarchs are identified as business magnates perceived as close to the current form of government. As of today, Russia has 77 billionaires with a combined worth of $282.6 billion.
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  • How do people harm the rain forest?

    Q: How do people harm the rain forest?

    A: There are a multitude of ways in which people damage the rain forests, including cutting down trees, burning sections of the forest, building roads through the rain forests, polluting rivers with chemicals and flooding this ecosystem. These activities are caused by various industries, including cattle ranching, logging, agriculture, mining, the oil industry and dam building.
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  • What type of government does China have?

    Q: What type of government does China have?

    A: Since 1949, the Chinese government has been a one-party communist system. This means that it theoretically strives for a state in which all citizens are equal in class and economic conditions.
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  • What is a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is a parliamentary form of government?

    A: A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.
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  • What are the duties of a prime minister?

    Q: What are the duties of a prime minister?

    A: While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.
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  • What kind of government does Singapore have?

    Q: What kind of government does Singapore have?

    A: The Singapore government describes itself as a "sovereign republic." It has three governing bodies: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. English common law is the foundation for its legal system.
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  • What is the divine right theory of government?

    Q: What is the divine right theory of government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
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  • What countries still have a dictatorship?

    Q: What countries still have a dictatorship?

    A: There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.
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  • What is a government's role in the economy?

    Q: What is a government's role in the economy?

    A: The government enhances growth and stability of the economy. It provides the infrastructure and systems that facilitate economic activity while formulating regulations and controls to ensure order and fairness in businesses operations. The government may directly chip in to prop up the economy.
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  • Why is voting important?

    Q: Why is voting important?

    A: Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.
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  • What type of government does Germany have?

    Q: What type of government does Germany have?

    A: Germany's government is a federal republic. Power is divided between states, and voters have ultimate control of political issues. The central government has limited power.
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  • Who is the leader of England?

    Q: Who is the leader of England?

    A: As of April 2014, the leader of England is United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron, head of the Conservative Party. Cameron assumed office on May 11, 2010, and was preceded by Gordon Brown, who resigned.
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  • How was democracy limited in Athens?

    Q: How was democracy limited in Athens?

    A: Democracy was limited in Athens because the power of government rested in the hands of very few people, and the rest of society was excluded from it. In the fourth century B.C., out of roughly 250,000 residents in the Athens area, only about 40,000 male citizens over the age of 18 participated in government. This excluded all women, children, resident foreigners and slaves.
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  • What type of government does North Korea have?

    Q: What type of government does North Korea have?

    A: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, known more commonly as North Korea, is a communist state and a dictatorship. Chief of State Kim Jong-un and Premier Pak Pong-ju oversee federal government matters from the nation's capital, Pyongyang. While Pak Pong-ju is head of the nation's government, Kim Jong-un leads the National Defense Commission of North Korea.
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  • What are disadvantages of democracy?

    Q: What are disadvantages of democracy?

    A: The primary disadvantages of democracy are a general lack of accountability, the prospect of personal interest becoming the predominant factor in decisions, and negative financial implications. A democracy lays the power to make decisions in the hands of the majority. This, ironically, places an emphasis on both individual and group power. A group controls the decision-making process, but an influential individual can control the group.
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  • What is a politician's job description?

    Q: What is a politician's job description?

    A: The job description of a politician varies according to the specific office he holds, but generally all positions involve analyzing issues, deliberating with advisers and fellow law makers, meeting with constituents and attending meetings to formalize law. Since most political decisions are popularly decided, campaigning is a large part of the job. This also means that politicians generally do not need a specific background, although familiarity with government processes helps.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    A: Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.
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  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    Q: What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    A: The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.
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  • What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    Q: What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    A: Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
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