Types of Government

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There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.

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  • What Is a List of Oligarchy Countries?

    Q: What Is a List of Oligarchy Countries?

    A: Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a kind of government in which either a few people or a dominant group has all the power.
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  • What Did Rome Contribute to Democracy?

    Q: What Did Rome Contribute to Democracy?

    A: Rome was responsible for instituting a checks-and-balances form of government that limited the amount of power held by one person. It also granted its people some power in the formation of government through the election of representatives to the Senate.
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  • How Did Kim Jong-Il Come to Power?

    Q: How Did Kim Jong-Il Come to Power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • What Is the Divine Right Theory of Government?

    Q: What Is the Divine Right Theory of Government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
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  • What Is a Parliamentary Form of Government?

    Q: What Is a Parliamentary Form of Government?

    A: In a parliamentary form of government, members of parliament are elected through a popular vote. The government is formed by the majority party or coalition led by a Prime Minister selected by the majority party.
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  • What Is a Federal Democracy?

    Q: What Is a Federal Democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
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  • What Is a Government's Role in the Economy?

    Q: What Is a Government's Role in the Economy?

    A: The government enhances growth and stability of the economy. It provides the infrastructure and systems that facilitate economic activity while formulating regulations and controls to ensure order and fairness in businesses operations. The government may directly chip in to prop up the economy.
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  • What Kind of Government Does England Have?

    Q: What Kind of Government Does England Have?

    A: England's government is a constitutional monarchy. In this system, the monarch is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is head of Her Majesty's Government, which wields executive power.
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  • Why Was Imperialism Important?

    Q: Why Was Imperialism Important?

    A: Imperialism was important to the world because it was the foundation of globalization — extending authority over other nations and cultures. This was the result of attitudes of superiority and nations believing that they were improving the areas they controlled.
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  • How Was Democracy Limited in Athens?

    Q: How Was Democracy Limited in Athens?

    A: Democracy was limited in Athens because the power of government rested in the hands of very few people, and the rest of society was excluded from it. In the fourth century B.C., out of roughly 250,000 residents in the Athens area, only about 40,000 male citizens over the age of 18 participated in government. This excluded all women, children, resident foreigners and slaves.
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  • What Are the Duties of a Prime Minister?

    Q: What Are the Duties of a Prime Minister?

    A: While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.
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  • What Is Tribal Rule?

    Q: What Is Tribal Rule?

    A: The concept of tribal rule refers to the ability of a group of a singular culture or ethnicity to enact their own government while within the borders of another nation. Groups like Native American tribes have their own systems of governance separate from the U.S. government.
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  • What Type of Government Does Chicago Have?

    Q: What Type of Government Does Chicago Have?

    A: The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.
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  • What Are Some Arguments Against Internet Voting?

    Q: What Are Some Arguments Against Internet Voting?

    A: Critics of Internet voting do not believe that it is possible for the process to be secure and trustworthy. For example, computer viruses are possible problems. It is feasible that hackers could have the ability to alter candidate line-ups, switch votes and change log-ins on personal computers. If a virus interferes with votes at keyboards or screens, the voting process could be compromised.
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  • What Is the Advantage of a Parliamentary Form of Government?

    Q: What Is the Advantage of a Parliamentary Form of Government?

    A: The primary advantage of a parliamentary system is that it makes the government accountable to the citizens for the decisions it makes by creating a group to monitor its performance. It also provides an out through a no-confidence clause that could scrap a government doing a poor job and call for re-elections.
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  • What Is a Politician's Job Description?

    Q: What Is a Politician's Job Description?

    A: The job description of a politician varies according to the specific office he holds, but generally all positions involve analyzing issues, deliberating with advisers and fellow law makers, meeting with constituents and attending meetings to formalize law. Since most political decisions are popularly decided, campaigning is a large part of the job. This also means that politicians generally do not need a specific background, although familiarity with government processes helps.
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  • What Are Examples of Authoritarian Governments?

    Q: What Are Examples of Authoritarian Governments?

    A: Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
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  • The Government of England: Constitutional Monarchy

    Q: The Government of England: Constitutional Monarchy

    A: The government of England, as part of the United Kingdom, is a constitutional monarchy. This type of governmental structure allows the monarchy to share power with an organized government.
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  • What Are the Differences Between Communism and Capitalism?

    Q: What Are the Differences Between Communism and Capitalism?

    A: According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.
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  • Who Is the Father of Political Science?

    Q: Who Is the Father of Political Science?

    A: The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.
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  • What Type of Government Does Germany Have?

    Q: What Type of Government Does Germany Have?

    A: Germany's government is a federal republic. Power is divided between states, and voters have ultimate control of political issues. The central government has limited power.
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