Types of Government

A:

Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What is a federal democracy?

    Q: What is a federal democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    Q: What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    A: The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are some arguments against Internet voting?

    Q: What are some arguments against Internet voting?

    A: Critics of Internet voting do not believe that it is possible for the process to be secure and trustworthy. For example, computer viruses are possible problems. It is feasible that hackers could have the ability to alter candidate line-ups, switch votes and change log-ins on personal computers. If a virus interferes with votes at keyboards or screens, the voting process could be compromised.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the divine right theory of government?

    Q: What is the divine right theory of government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    A: Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    Q: What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    A: Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why was imperialism important?

    Q: Why was imperialism important?

    A: Imperialism was important to the world because it was the foundation of globalization — extending authority over other nations and cultures. This was the result of attitudes of superiority and nations believing that they were improving the areas they controlled.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    A: The primary advantage of a parliamentary system is that it makes the government accountable to the citizens for the decisions it makes by creating a group to monitor its performance. It also provides an out through a no-confidence clause that could scrap a government doing a poor job and call for re-elections.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who is the leader of England?

    Q: Who is the leader of England?

    A: As of April 2014, the leader of England is United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron, head of the Conservative Party. Cameron assumed office on May 11, 2010, and was preceded by Gordon Brown, who resigned.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    Q: What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    A: Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is voting important?

    Q: Why is voting important?

    A: Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do people harm the rain forest?

    Q: How do people harm the rain forest?

    A: There are a multitude of ways in which people damage the rain forests, including cutting down trees, burning sections of the forest, building roads through the rain forests, polluting rivers with chemicals and flooding this ecosystem. These activities are caused by various industries, including cattle ranching, logging, agriculture, mining, the oil industry and dam building.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    Q: How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    A: The United States trade sanctions on Cuba are considered by many to be an act of imperialism. Imperialism is the tendency of one or more countries to impose some degree of force on a country of lesser world status in order to gain resources, land or population. Cuba is one of many countries that has been affected by what some call United States imperialism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is a parliamentary form of government?

    A: A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Which countries have autocracy governments?

    Q: Which countries have autocracy governments?

    A: The number of autocracies in the world varies between studies depending on their methodologies, but a core group of autocratic regimes appear across the most influential studies. These include Cuba, Belarus, Eritrea, Syria, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What type of government does North Korea have?

    Q: What type of government does North Korea have?

    A: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, known more commonly as North Korea, is a communist state and a dictatorship. Chief of State Kim Jong-un and Premier Pak Pong-ju oversee federal government matters from the nation's capital, Pyongyang. While Pak Pong-ju is head of the nation's government, Kim Jong-un leads the National Defense Commission of North Korea.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do you address the mayor?

    Q: How do you address the mayor?

    A: When addressing written correspondence to a mayor, the official is addressed as "The Honorable" followed by the individual's full name. The salutation in such a communication reads "Dear Mayor" followed by the individual's surname.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    Q: Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    A: Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What type of government does Chicago have?

    Q: What type of government does Chicago have?

    A: The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How was democracy limited in Athens?

    Q: How was democracy limited in Athens?

    A: Democracy was limited in Athens because the power of government rested in the hands of very few people, and the rest of society was excluded from it. In the fourth century B.C., out of roughly 250,000 residents in the Athens area, only about 40,000 male citizens over the age of 18 participated in government. This excluded all women, children, resident foreigners and slaves.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: