Types of Government

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There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.

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  • What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    Q: What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    A: A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.
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  • Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    Q: Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    A: Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.
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  • What is a federal democracy?

    Q: What is a federal democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
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  • What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    Q: What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    A: The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.
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  • What is the divine right theory of government?

    Q: What is the divine right theory of government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
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  • What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    Q: What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    A: Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
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  • What type of government does South Korea have?

    Q: What type of government does South Korea have?

    A: The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic that operates with three principal branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The country has experienced a number of transitions in government structure since Korea was divided into two occupations zones in 1945. At that time, the USSR occupied the northern portion of the country and the United States the southern portion.
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  • How do people harm the rain forest?

    Q: How do people harm the rain forest?

    A: There are a multitude of ways in which people damage the rain forests, including cutting down trees, burning sections of the forest, building roads through the rain forests, polluting rivers with chemicals and flooding this ecosystem. These activities are caused by various industries, including cattle ranching, logging, agriculture, mining, the oil industry and dam building.
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  • What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    Q: What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    A: Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.
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  • Why was imperialism important?

    Q: Why was imperialism important?

    A: Imperialism was important to the world because it was the foundation of globalization — extending authority over other nations and cultures. This was the result of attitudes of superiority and nations believing that they were improving the areas they controlled.
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  • Who is the father of political science?

    Q: Who is the father of political science?

    A: The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.
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  • Which countries have autocracy governments?

    Q: Which countries have autocracy governments?

    A: The number of autocracies in the world varies between studies depending on their methodologies, but a core group of autocratic regimes appear across the most influential studies. These include Cuba, Belarus, Eritrea, Syria, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam.
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  • What is a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is a parliamentary form of government?

    A: A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.
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  • Who is the leader of England?

    Q: Who is the leader of England?

    A: As of April 2014, the leader of England is United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron, head of the Conservative Party. Cameron assumed office on May 11, 2010, and was preceded by Gordon Brown, who resigned.
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  • Why is voting important?

    Q: Why is voting important?

    A: Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.
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  • What are the differences between communism and capitalism?

    Q: What are the differences between communism and capitalism?

    A: According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.
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  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • How do you address the mayor?

    Q: How do you address the mayor?

    A: When addressing written correspondence to a mayor, the official is addressed as "The Honorable" followed by the individual's full name. The salutation in such a communication reads "Dear Mayor" followed by the individual's surname.
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  • What are the duties of a prime minister?

    Q: What are the duties of a prime minister?

    A: While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.
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  • What countries still have a dictatorship?

    Q: What countries still have a dictatorship?

    A: There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.
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  • How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    Q: How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    A: The United States trade sanctions on Cuba are considered by many to be an act of imperialism. Imperialism is the tendency of one or more countries to impose some degree of force on a country of lesser world status in order to gain resources, land or population. Cuba is one of many countries that has been affected by what some call United States imperialism.
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