Types of Government

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According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.

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  • What type of government does South Korea have?

    Q: What type of government does South Korea have?

    A: The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic that operates with three principal branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The country has experienced a number of transitions in government structure since Korea was divided into two occupations zones in 1945. At that time, the USSR occupied the northern portion of the country and the United States the southern portion.
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  • Who is the father of political science?

    Q: Who is the father of political science?

    A: The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.
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  • What are the duties of a prime minister?

    Q: What are the duties of a prime minister?

    A: While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.
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  • What is a list of oligarchy countries?

    Q: What is a list of oligarchy countries?

    A: Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a kind of government in which either a few people or a dominant group has all the power.
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  • What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    Q: What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    A: The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.
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  • What type of government does England have?

    Q: What type of government does England have?

    A: The government of England, part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a constitutional monarchy. The head of government of the United Kingdom is the Prime Minister. The head of state is the reigning monarch.
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  • How was democracy limited in Athens?

    Q: How was democracy limited in Athens?

    A: Democracy was limited in Athens because the power of government rested in the hands of very few people, and the rest of society was excluded from it. In the fourth century B.C., out of roughly 250,000 residents in the Athens area, only about 40,000 male citizens over the age of 18 participated in government. This excluded all women, children, resident foreigners and slaves.
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  • What is a federal democracy?

    Q: What is a federal democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
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  • What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    Q: What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    A: A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.
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  • What did Rome contribute to democracy?

    Q: What did Rome contribute to democracy?

    A: Rome was responsible for instituting a checks-and-balances form of government that limited the amount of power held by one person. It also granted its people some power in the formation of government through the election of representatives to the Senate.
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  • Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    Q: Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    A: Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.
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  • Why is voting important?

    Q: Why is voting important?

    A: Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.
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  • What is tribal rule?

    Q: What is tribal rule?

    A: The concept of tribal rule refers to the ability of a group of a singular culture or ethnicity to enact their own government while within the borders of another nation. Groups like Native American tribes have their own systems of governance separate from the U.S. government.
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  • What are the differences between communism and capitalism?

    Q: What are the differences between communism and capitalism?

    A: According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.
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  • What type of government does Chicago have?

    Q: What type of government does Chicago have?

    A: The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.
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  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    A: The primary advantage of a parliamentary system is that it makes the government accountable to the citizens for the decisions it makes by creating a group to monitor its performance. It also provides an out through a no-confidence clause that could scrap a government doing a poor job and call for re-elections.
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  • Which countries have autocracy governments?

    Q: Which countries have autocracy governments?

    A: The number of autocracies in the world varies between studies depending on their methodologies, but a core group of autocratic regimes appear across the most influential studies. These include Cuba, Belarus, Eritrea, Syria, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam.
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  • What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    Q: What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    A: Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.
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  • What is a politician's job description?

    Q: What is a politician's job description?

    A: The job description of a politician varies according to the specific office he holds, but generally all positions involve analyzing issues, deliberating with advisers and fellow law makers, meeting with constituents and attending meetings to formalize law. Since most political decisions are popularly decided, campaigning is a large part of the job. This also means that politicians generally do not need a specific background, although familiarity with government processes helps.
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  • What kind of government does England have?

    Q: What kind of government does England have?

    A: England's government is a constitutional monarchy. In this system, the monarch is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is head of Her Majesty's Government, which wields executive power.
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