Types of Government

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According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.

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  • Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    Q: Is Karl Marx the father of sociology?

    A: Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.
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  • Why is voting important?

    Q: Why is voting important?

    A: Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.
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  • Who is the leader of England?

    Q: Who is the leader of England?

    A: As of April 2014, the leader of England is United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron, head of the Conservative Party. Cameron assumed office on May 11, 2010, and was preceded by Gordon Brown, who resigned.
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  • What countries still have a dictatorship?

    Q: What countries still have a dictatorship?

    A: There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.
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  • What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    Q: What are examples of authoritarian governments?

    A: Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
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  • How do you address the mayor?

    Q: How do you address the mayor?

    A: When addressing written correspondence to a mayor, the official is addressed as "The Honorable" followed by the individual's full name. The salutation in such a communication reads "Dear Mayor" followed by the individual's surname.
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  • What are the current communist countries?

    Q: What are the current communist countries?

    A: As of 2014, there are five communist countries: China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam and Laos. Former communist countries include Angola, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Communist countries could be found throughout the world during the era of the Soviet Union.
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  • What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    Q: What are the characteristics of theocracy?

    A: Theocracy is a form of government that recognizes a deity as a civil ruler; official policies are implemented and carried out by officials considered guided by the divine. Theocratic governments are generally monopolized by single religious groups or organizations who rule over their citizens using primarily dictatorial methods of government.
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  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of fascism?

    A: Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.
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  • How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    Q: How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    A: The United States trade sanctions on Cuba are considered by many to be an act of imperialism. Imperialism is the tendency of one or more countries to impose some degree of force on a country of lesser world status in order to gain resources, land or population. Cuba is one of many countries that has been affected by what some call United States imperialism.
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  • What is a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is a parliamentary form of government?

    A: A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.
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  • Why was imperialism important?

    Q: Why was imperialism important?

    A: Imperialism was important to the world because it was the foundation of globalization — extending authority over other nations and cultures. This was the result of attitudes of superiority and nations believing that they were improving the areas they controlled.
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  • What kind of government does Singapore have?

    Q: What kind of government does Singapore have?

    A: The Singapore government describes itself as a "sovereign republic." It has three governing bodies: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. English common law is the foundation for its legal system.
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  • What are disadvantages of democracy?

    Q: What are disadvantages of democracy?

    A: The primary disadvantages of democracy are a general lack of accountability, the prospect of personal interest becoming the predominant factor in decisions, and negative financial implications. A democracy lays the power to make decisions in the hands of the majority. This, ironically, places an emphasis on both individual and group power. A group controls the decision-making process, but an influential individual can control the group.
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  • What type of government does Germany have?

    Q: What type of government does Germany have?

    A: Germany's government is a federal republic. Power is divided between states, and voters have ultimate control of political issues. The central government has limited power.
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  • What type of government does England have?

    Q: What type of government does England have?

    A: The government of England, part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a constitutional monarchy. The head of government of the United Kingdom is the Prime Minister. The head of state is the reigning monarch.
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  • What type of government does Chicago have?

    Q: What type of government does Chicago have?

    A: The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.
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  • Who is the father of political science?

    Q: Who is the father of political science?

    A: The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.
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  • What is grassroots mobilization?

    Q: What is grassroots mobilization?

    A: Grassroots mobilization is when a group of individuals in a particular community come together to organize for social, political, environmental or economic change in order to make enhance the quality of their lives or the lives of others. The term "grassroots" refers to building up from the bottom and including individuals from all walks of life that share the same commitment to change.
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  • What is a government's role in the economy?

    Q: What is a government's role in the economy?

    A: The government enhances growth and stability of the economy. It provides the infrastructure and systems that facilitate economic activity while formulating regulations and controls to ensure order and fairness in businesses operations. The government may directly chip in to prop up the economy.
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