Types of Government

A:

Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What are the duties of a prime minister?

    Q: What are the duties of a prime minister?

    A: While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    Q: What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship?

    A: A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How was democracy limited in Athens?

    Q: How was democracy limited in Athens?

    A: Democracy was limited in Athens because the power of government rested in the hands of very few people, and the rest of society was excluded from it. In the fourth century B.C., out of roughly 250,000 residents in the Athens area, only about 40,000 male citizens over the age of 18 participated in government. This excluded all women, children, resident foreigners and slaves.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why was imperialism important?

    Q: Why was imperialism important?

    A: Imperialism was important to the world because it was the foundation of globalization — extending authority over other nations and cultures. This was the result of attitudes of superiority and nations believing that they were improving the areas they controlled.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a federal democracy?

    Q: What is a federal democracy?

    A: A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the divine right theory of government?

    Q: What is the divine right theory of government?

    A: The divine right theory of government posits that a ruling authority, such as a monarch, derives power directly from God. As a result, the king is not answerable to the aristocracy, the church, the people or anyone else.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is a parliamentary form of government?

    A: A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do people harm the rain forest?

    Q: How do people harm the rain forest?

    A: There are a multitude of ways in which people damage the rain forests, including cutting down trees, burning sections of the forest, building roads through the rain forests, polluting rivers with chemicals and flooding this ecosystem. These activities are caused by various industries, including cattle ranching, logging, agriculture, mining, the oil industry and dam building.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    Q: How did Kim Jong-il come to power?

    A: A&E's Biography explains that Kim Jong-il came to power as a direct result of his father, Kim il-sung, designating him as his successor. Kim Il-sung's power over his country and people was essentially absolute, and his word was therefore effectively law when it came to his son's ascendancy. The elder Kim helped ensure his son's rise to power by giving him many influential and powerful positions to solidify his control.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    Q: What is the difference between a duke and an earl?

    A: The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What countries still have a dictatorship?

    Q: What countries still have a dictatorship?

    A: There are many countries still ruled by a dictator today, including North Korea, Cuba, Zimbabwe, and Kazakhstan. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost never self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What type of government does Chicago have?

    Q: What type of government does Chicago have?

    A: The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    Q: What is the advantage of a parliamentary form of government?

    A: The primary advantage of a parliamentary system is that it makes the government accountable to the citizens for the decisions it makes by creating a group to monitor its performance. It also provides an out through a no-confidence clause that could scrap a government doing a poor job and call for re-elections.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a government's role in the economy?

    Q: What is a government's role in the economy?

    A: The government enhances growth and stability of the economy. It provides the infrastructure and systems that facilitate economic activity while formulating regulations and controls to ensure order and fairness in businesses operations. The government may directly chip in to prop up the economy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are examples of oligarchy?

    Q: What are examples of oligarchy?

    A: Some examples of the oligarchic system of government can be found in Russia following the fall of the Soviet Union when a group of private businessmen dominated both wealth and political power in the Russian government. In the Russian example, oligarchs are identified as business magnates perceived as close to the current form of government. As of today, Russia has 77 billionaires with a combined worth of $282.6 billion.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    Q: How has Cuba been affected by imperialism?

    A: The United States trade sanctions on Cuba are considered by many to be an act of imperialism. Imperialism is the tendency of one or more countries to impose some degree of force on a country of lesser world status in order to gain resources, land or population. Cuba is one of many countries that has been affected by what some call United States imperialism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a list of oligarchy countries?

    Q: What is a list of oligarchy countries?

    A: Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a kind of government in which either a few people or a dominant group has all the power.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What form of democracy do we have in this country?

    Q: What form of democracy do we have in this country?

    A: The United States practices representative democracy. In this democratic system, citizens vote democratically for representatives who meet to pass laws at the state and federal level.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What type of government does Germany have?

    Q: What type of government does Germany have?

    A: Germany's government is a federal republic. Power is divided between states, and voters have ultimate control of political issues. The central government has limited power.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is tribal rule?

    Q: What is tribal rule?

    A: The concept of tribal rule refers to the ability of a group of a singular culture or ethnicity to enact their own government while within the borders of another nation. Groups like Native American tribes have their own systems of governance separate from the U.S. government.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do you address the mayor?

    Q: How do you address the mayor?

    A: When addressing written correspondence to a mayor, the official is addressed as "The Honorable" followed by the individual's full name. The salutation in such a communication reads "Dear Mayor" followed by the individual's surname.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: