Politics

A:

In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.

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  • What is the main purpose of interest groups?

    Q: What is the main purpose of interest groups?

    A: Interest groups form to advocate certain ideologies and policies. Unlike political parties, they generally form around specific issues. Their ability to raise funds and affect voters makes them potentially powerful entities.
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  • What are the differences between the popular vote vs. the electoral vote in an electoral college?

    Q: What are the differences between the popular vote vs. the electoral vote in an electoral college?

    A: The primary difference between the popular vote and the electoral college is that one represents the actual votes received by a candidate and the other represents the votes cast by a state. How a state casts its electoral votes is directly influenced by the popular vote.
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  • What is the purpose of a national party convention?

    Q: What is the purpose of a national party convention?

    A: According to the University of Washington’s Civic Engagement Center, a national convention for a political party is an event in which members set the party platform and nominate a presidential candidate and vice-presidential candidate. Each political party has an individual national convention. Delegates from each state attend the convention to cast a vote for a candidate and for policies that the party espouses.
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  • What is the purpose of a town hall meeting?

    Q: What is the purpose of a town hall meeting?

    A: A town hall meeting is held to present information to residents of the town and hear their concerns and opinions. The focus of these meetings include topics of local concern, such as capital projects, programs, services, special events and key issues affecting residents.
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  • What is political unrest?

    Q: What is political unrest?

    A: Political unrest is a term describing widespread dissatisfaction with the current government. Generally, widespread protests qualify as a type of political unrest. The government may be at risk of a coup if political unrest is strong enough.
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  • What is Jefferson Davis famous for?

    Q: What is Jefferson Davis famous for?

    A: Jefferson Davis served as the first and only president of the Confederate States of America, according to the Civil War Trust. Prior to that office, he made a name for himself as Mexican War hero, senator and U.S. Secretary of War. His reputation as a skilled administrator made him a choice compromise selection for president in the south.
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  • Who is Naomi Biden?

    Q: Who is Naomi Biden?

    A: Naomi Biden was the daughter of Vice President Joe Biden. Naomi was born in 1971, but died from a car accident that occurred on Dec. 18, 1972. Biden's wife, Neilia, also died from injuries sustained from the accident. Biden's two sons, Beau and Hunter, survived the accident.
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  • What influences the price of copper?

    Q: What influences the price of copper?

    A: Supply, demand and store are three factors that influence copper prices, states Amisy. What affects those factors varies from workers' strikes and natural disasters to futures trading, says Futures Knowledge.
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  • What is the difference between a prime minister and a president?

    Q: What is the difference between a prime minister and a president?

    A: A prime minister is often an element of a parliamentary government, while constitutional republics have presidents. Their roles and degree of power differ substantially from one country to another. In constitutional monarchies, like the United Kingdom, the prime minister often assumes the role of a chief executive while the official executive—the monarch—only holds symbolic authority. In other countries, like France and Russia, the prime minister and president share power.
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  • What do socialists believe?

    Q: What do socialists believe?

    A: Socialists believe in an economic system that promotes common property ownership and a political hierarchy government. Under socialism, people in positions of authority make the decisions for the collective group, according to About.com. Although far less intrusive, socialism is often confused with communism. The difference is that communism encompasses both the economic and political systems, whereas socialism is more subtle and flexible, and usually applies only to economic systems.
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  • What were Bill Clinton's domestic policies?

    Q: What were Bill Clinton's domestic policies?

    A: Bill Clinton's domestic policies included reducing the debt, welfare reform and investing in education. During his presidency, he passed budgets that reduced spending and increased taxes on the wealthy. During his first term, he passed the North American Free Trade Agreement Bill, which removed trade barriers between the North American countries. The Family Medical and Medical Leave Act was also passed during Bill Clinton's first term as president.
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  • What do the terms "loyalist," "patriot" and "neutralist" mean?

    Q: What do the terms "loyalist," "patriot" and "neutralist" mean?

    A: During the American Revolutionary War, loyalists were colonists who remained loyal to the British crown, patriots were colonists who rebelled and openly fought against the British monarchy and neutralists were colonists who did not fight and did not side with a specific faction. Loyalists and patriots acted out of economic and socio-political interests. Neutralists often maintained their neutrality because they lived too far away to fight.
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  • What do liberals believe?

    Q: What do liberals believe?

    A: Classical liberalism focuses on individual freedom; contemporary liberalism focuses more on social infrastructure and an expanded definition of human rights. Liberalism is considered the standard left-wing position in the United States. However, it is considered more right-wing in some nations.
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  • What is McCarthyism?

    Q: What is McCarthyism?

    A: The term "McCarthyism" refers to the practice of accusing others of traitorous activity without proper evidence; it stems from the Second Red Scare period of the United States (1950-1956), during which Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin accused many individuals in government, entertainment, education and unions of being Communist conspirators. These accusation led to trials and hearings that in some cases damaged careers. The validity of McCarthy's accusations is still debated.
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  • Why is voting so important?

    Q: Why is voting so important?

    A: Voting is one of the surest ways for citizens to establish influence over elected officials. Because politicians are concerned primarily with the most vocal elements of their constituencies, groups of people who do not vote tend to receive less attention. This ultimately translates into less power for non-voters to affect the formation of public policy in accordance with their own private interests.
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  • What are the five functions of a political party?

    Q: What are the five functions of a political party?

    A: The five major functions of a political party are recruitment of candidates, fundraising, campaign support, advocacy of political issues and government organization. The Democrats and Republicans are the dominant political parties in the United States.
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  • Why did Andrew Jackson lose the election of 1824?

    Q: Why did Andrew Jackson lose the election of 1824?

    A: Andrew Jackson lost the election of 1824 because, though he received a majority of the popular and electoral votes, his margin was not great enough for a win, and the constitution directed that the election had to be decided by Congress. Henry Clay, one of the candidates, gave his support to John Quincy Adams, another candidate, and Adams won the Congressional vote.
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  • Why was Hitler a good leader?

    Q: Why was Hitler a good leader?

    A: Although many of his ideas were reprehensible and he was responsible for the deaths of millions of people during his campaign, Adolf Hitler's ability as a leader is well known. From his roots as a soldier and member of the working class, Hitler was able to use his perspective, charisma and electrifying oratory skills to gain the support of the people and eventually the appointment of chancellor of Germany.
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  • Why does the United States hold elections on Tuesdays?

    Q: Why does the United States hold elections on Tuesdays?

    A: In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.
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  • How many terms can the vice president serve?

    Q: How many terms can the vice president serve?

    A: The vice president of the United States is not subject to any term limits. Unlike the president, the vice president can serve in the role indefinitely.
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  • What is the purpose of the electoral college?

    Q: What is the purpose of the electoral college?

    A: The purpose of the electoral college is to be a compromise between election of the president by the vote of Congress and the popular vote of the people. The founding fathers established the electoral college in the United States Constitution, believing that it would be both a buffer and provide fair power to all states regardless of size.
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