Political Parties

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Since his initial run for Illinois State Senate, Obama has run as part of the Democratic party and, as of 2014, is serving his second term as President of the United States. As part of the Illinois State Senate, Obama worked with both Democrats and Republicans.

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  • What do conservatives believe?

    Q: What do conservatives believe?

    A: Conservatives typically believe in keeping political and societal traditions intact, but the definition of a conservative can vary greatly around the world. In the United States, conservatives have a broad range of ideologies.
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  • What did the Populists believe in?

    Q: What did the Populists believe in?

    A: Also referred to as the people’s party, the Populists believed more power should be given to the government. The Populists were an independent political party of middle class activists that consisted of farmers and laborers.
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  • What is an example of a splinter party?

    Q: What is an example of a splinter party?

    A: A splinter party separates from a major political party, such as Republicans and Democrats, as well as from religious denominations. Splinter groups form because of ideology differences, such beliefs, principles and ideas or values, and moral ethics.
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  • Why was Hitler a good leader?

    Q: Why was Hitler a good leader?

    A: Although many of his ideas were reprehensible and he was responsible for the deaths of millions of people during his campaign, Adolf Hitler's ability as a leader is well known. From his roots as a soldier and member of the working class, Hitler was able to use his perspective, charisma and electrifying oratory skills to gain the support of the people and eventually the appointment of chancellor of Germany.
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  • What do the terms "loyalist," "patriot" and "neutralist" mean?

    Q: What do the terms "loyalist," "patriot" and "neutralist" mean?

    A: During the American Revolutionary War, loyalists were colonists who remained loyal to the British crown, patriots were colonists who rebelled and openly fought against the British monarchy and neutralists were colonists who did not fight and did not side with a specific faction. Loyalists and patriots acted out of economic and socio-political interests. Neutralists often maintained their neutrality because they lived too far away to fight.
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  • What is the philosophy of the Democratic Party?

    Q: What is the philosophy of the Democratic Party?

    A: The Democratic Party operates according to a philosophy that emphasizes positive rights and the notion that people are entitled to certain things and that government is obliged to create the conditions in which people can achieve these things. Thus, Democrats tend to favor the expansion of government and its involvement in most areas of human activity.
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  • What do socialists believe?

    Q: What do socialists believe?

    A: Socialists believe in an economic system that promotes common property ownership and a political hierarchy government. Under socialism, people in positions of authority make the decisions for the collective group, according to About.com. Although far less intrusive, socialism is often confused with communism. The difference is that communism encompasses both the economic and political systems, whereas socialism is more subtle and flexible, and usually applies only to economic systems.
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  • What is a political activist?

    Q: What is a political activist?

    A: A political activist is someone who is involved in the political process for the sake of promoting, impeding or raising awareness of a certain issue or set of issues. Political activism typically involves engagement beyond just voting, whether it be through protest, demonstration or lecture.
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  • What is a moderate Democrat?

    Q: What is a moderate Democrat?

    A: A moderate Democrat is someone who sides with the Democratic Party but whose political views tend to fall more toward the middle of the political spectrum. The American political system measures party belief on a left- and right-wing spectrum. Extreme conservatives are on the extreme right, and extreme liberals are on the extreme left, with moderates of both parties falling somewhere in the middle.
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  • Is Obama a democrat?

    Q: Is Obama a democrat?

    A: Since his initial run for Illinois State Senate, Obama has run as part of the Democratic party and, as of 2014, is serving his second term as President of the United States. As part of the Illinois State Senate, Obama worked with both Democrats and Republicans.
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  • What are examples of Republicanism?

    Q: What are examples of Republicanism?

    A: There are many examples of republicanism in current US politics, including separate powers of government and political liberty. Republicanism is an ideology that informs the members of a democratic republic. In this sense, the term republican is not indicative of conservative social values and free market principles that define the contemporary political definition of a republican. Instead, the term republican refers to an individual who is a member of a republic that upholds the values of this ideology.
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  • What are the five functions of a political party?

    Q: What are the five functions of a political party?

    A: The five major functions of a political party are recruitment of candidates, fundraising, campaign support, advocacy of political issues and government organization. The Democrats and Republicans are the dominant political parties in the United States.
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  • What is McCarthyism?

    Q: What is McCarthyism?

    A: The term "McCarthyism" refers to the practice of accusing others of traitorous activity without proper evidence; it stems from the Second Red Scare period of the United States (1950-1956), during which Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin accused many individuals in government, entertainment, education and unions of being Communist conspirators. These accusation led to trials and hearings that in some cases damaged careers. The validity of McCarthy's accusations is still debated.
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  • What is an ideological party?

    Q: What is an ideological party?

    A: An ideological party is a group of individuals who share a set of ideas about politics and economy. The two-party system of the United States is based on two sets ideological ideas. In general, Republicans and Democrats have different views about the level of government necessary to maintain society as well as social issues, such as abortion, capital punishment, social welfare, race, property ownership and individual freedom.
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  • What do liberals believe?

    Q: What do liberals believe?

    A: Classical liberalism focuses on individual freedom; contemporary liberalism focuses more on social infrastructure and an expanded definition of human rights. Liberalism is considered the standard left-wing position in the United States. However, it is considered more right-wing in some nations.
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  • What do Republicans think about immigration?

    Q: What do Republicans think about immigration?

    A: As of 2014, a majority of Republicans are in favor of expanding enforcement of current immigration law and giving more authority to state and local governments to carry out enforcement. Republicans also generally oppose legislation that would provide a path to citizenship or legal status for current illegal immigrants but support those immigrants who enter the country legally.
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  • Is Michael Bloomberg a Republican?

    Q: Is Michael Bloomberg a Republican?

    A: Michael Bloomberg is considered a liberal Republican. He is socially liberal because of his pro-choice views and support for the legalization of same-sex marriage. Bloomberg was a Democrat for much of his life and switched to the Republican party before his first mayoral campaign.
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  • What were Bill Clinton's domestic policies?

    Q: What were Bill Clinton's domestic policies?

    A: Bill Clinton's domestic policies included reducing the debt, welfare reform and investing in education. During his presidency, he passed budgets that reduced spending and increased taxes on the wealthy. During his first term, he passed the North American Free Trade Agreement Bill, which removed trade barriers between the North American countries. The Family Medical and Medical Leave Act was also passed during Bill Clinton's first term as president.
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  • How does a responsible citizen promote the common good?

    Q: How does a responsible citizen promote the common good?

    A: A responsible citizen promotes the common good by obeying the law, paying taxes honestly, informing himself about important political issues, volunteering in the community and respecting the rights and opinions of others. A responsible citizen is willing to sacrifice his individual interests for the collective good of the nation. He remembers his civic duties and serves his country despite any discomfort such a course might bring.
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  • What are the fundamental goals of political parties?

    Q: What are the fundamental goals of political parties?

    A: In the American political system, political parties serve the purpose of providing a platform for like-minded individuals to rally around a particular ideology. These parties then influence legislation and governing, receiving support from constituents favoring particular ideologies. While members of both major American political parties maintain more similarities than differences, many fundamental goals of these parties are quite different than their counterpart.
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  • Q: What are the beliefs of the Green Party?

    A: The platform of the Green Party of the United States includes 10 key values. These include grassroots democracy, social justice and equal opportunity, ecological wisdom, non-violence, decentralization, economic justice and community-based economics, feminism and gender equity, respect for diversity, personal and global responsibility, and future focus and sustainability.
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