According to Nolo, determining the right of way in a parking lot depends on the situation. If a car is backing out of a parking space and hits a car driving down the parking lane, the accident is the fault of the driver who is backing out.
A:The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act gives legal status to contracts negotiated by email, according to an article by Peter J. Lamont for Architectural Lighting. In addition, the Electronic Records and Signatures in Commerce Act states that electronic signatures in email contracts are equally as valid as signatures on paper contracts. Certain contracts such as student loans are exempted from these federal laws.
A:A person can be charged with a misdemeanor or felony hit and run if that person leaves the scene of an accident, according to LegalMatch. Penalties include imprisonment, fines and parole. The victim of a hit and run can also sue for monetary compensation from the accident's perpetrator. Wikipedia notes that a driver's license can be suspended or revoked, and insurance companies may cancel the driver's policy.
A:State or federal government bring criminal actions against parties that are accused of violating the law and civil actions are non-criminal acts brought against those accused of violating private rights. Examples of criminal law include murder, kidnapping, embezzlement or theft. Civil law examples include breach of contract, compensation-related cases and fraud.
A:The Pacific Railroad Acts are a series of formal decisions that were made by Congress to promote the construction of the transcontinental railroad. These acts authorized the issuance of government bonds to help raise funds, and granted land to railroad companies for construction.
A:Laws are in place to protect people against harm, according to civil liberties expert Tom Head for About.com. Societal rules also prevent vulnerable people from being exploited, and laws safeguard personal property. Laws also exist for granting goods and services to citizens.
A:The purpose of a suppression hearing is to allow the judge to determine whether a given piece of evidence or testimony will be ruled admissible in court. This usually happens if a lawyer has cause to believe that police acted improperly, violated their client's rights, or otherwise have a weak case, according to the website of the State of New York court system.
A:The purpose of affirmative action is to correct past injustices by implementing policies that favor those previously discriminated against. The term was first coined after its inclusion in an executive order signed by United States President John F. Kennedy.
A:Open sky agreements between countries eliminate the use of government oversight in commercial air carrier services such as capacity and pricing, giving carriers the ability to provide convenient and affordable air service. These agreements give airlines the right to fly to all points on the globe to encourage airline globalization.
A:According to the U.S. Army Combined Arms Center, the basic premise of the National Response Framework is that emergencies should be handled at the most local level possible. Typically local and state resources are sufficient for immediate emergency response as well as incident management, often through states' emergency management agencies.
A:According to the Jewish Virtual Library, the Nuremberg trials resulted in 19 convictions of the 22 defendants on trial. Twelve received the death penalty, three received sentences of life imprisonment and the remaining four convictions resulted in sentences of 10 to 20 years. In addition, a 23rd defendant was found unfit to stand trial, while the 24th committed suicide before the proceedings began.
A:Slashing car tires falls under the legal designation of criminal mischief, according to Pennsylvania attorney Jason R. Antoine. Each state has its own penalties, which commonly include monetary damages, probation or jail time. Antoine also notes that criminal mischief penalties correlate with the dollar value associated with the damaged caused by the defendant.
A:To apply for a Hawaiian marriage license, first select and hire a licensed performer such as a minister or judge to marry you, and then complete the marriage license application provided by the Hawaii Department of Health. You and your intended partner must take the application to a marriage license agent and submit it along with the license fee to receive a marriage license.
A:A democratic process is a practice that allows democracy to exist. Democracy is based on the idea that everyone should have equal rights and be allowed to participate in making important decisions. It is a form of government in which all eligible citizens are allowed equal participation, either directly (through elected leaders) or indirectly (in the proposal, development and establishment of laws that run the society).
A:The Cornell University Law School's Legal Information Institute states that a public nuisance transpires when a person unreasonably inhibits a right shared by the general public, while a private nuisance occurs when a plaintiff's use and satisfaction of private property is affected greatly and unreasonably through a thing or action. Courts may grant damages and prohibit further activity by the offender for either type of transgression.
A:The National Reclamation Act of 1902, also known as the Newlands Reclamation Act, allowed the federal government to commission and fund water irrigation projects, according to the National Archives. The law stemmed from arid conditions in the western states. Under the law, funding for the projects came from the sale of public land.
A:Of the 50 states in America, 29 states do allow people to keep pet raccoons. Each state has its own laws regarding owning raccoons, and persons interested in doing so must meet the indicated requirements for the state in which they live.
A:According to the Law Offices of Powers Sellers & Finkelstein, it is possible to leave the country while on probation if permission is attained from a parole officer. The parole officer takes several things into account, such as the parolee's business abroad and the crime for which he was sentenced.
A:There are multiple ways to find out if a divorce has been finalized. You can call the county courthouse in which it was filed in, if you are a party in the divorce you will receive notification via U.S. Postal Service, or you can contact your attorney.
A:Morality serves as the ethical basis or justification for law and facilitates obedience to the law by fomenting habits of conduct. Western Kentucky University explains that morality precedes law and is necessary for law to be successful.
A:Local governments allocate their financial resources to several federally mandated areas, including education, health care, transportation, corrections and public assistance. They also reserve roughly a quarter of their funds for town-oriented services such as plowing and road maintenance.