Law

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The color scheme of traffic lights is the result of borrowing from railroad signaling schemes of the time, according to Mental Floss. The first traffic lights were green and red, and amber later became the third color to provide a buffer between the "stop" and "proceed" signals. This was to prevent accidents due to sudden light changes as well as to allow the policemen time to switch the lights manually.

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  • What is the basic premise of the National Response Framework?

    Q: What is the basic premise of the National Response Framework?

    A: According to the U.S. Army Combined Arms Center, the basic premise of the National Response Framework is that emergencies should be handled at the most local level possible. Typically local and state resources are sufficient for immediate emergency response as well as incident management, often through states' emergency management agencies.
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  • Are there any states where it is legal to have a pet raccoon?

    Q: Are there any states where it is legal to have a pet raccoon?

    A: Of the 50 states in America, 29 states do allow people to keep pet raccoons. Each state has its own laws regarding owning raccoons, and persons interested in doing so must meet the indicated requirements for the state in which they live.
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  • What can happen to you if you hit a car and run?

    Q: What can happen to you if you hit a car and run?

    A: A person can be charged with a misdemeanor or felony hit and run if that person leaves the scene of an accident, according to LegalMatch. Penalties include imprisonment, fines and parole. The victim of a hit and run can also sue for monetary compensation from the accident's perpetrator. Wikipedia notes that a driver's license can be suspended or revoked, and insurance companies may cancel the driver's policy.
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  • How many U.S. Supreme Court justices must agree to hear a case?

    Q: How many U.S. Supreme Court justices must agree to hear a case?

    A: Four of the nine members of the U.S. Supreme Court must agree to hear a particular case. When the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court agree to hear a case, they technically are granting what is called a writ of certiorari.
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  • What are the different degrees of assault?

    Q: What are the different degrees of assault?

    A: According to criminal defense attorney Bobby G. Frederick, assault and battery charges are divided into three separate categories: third degree, second degree and first degree. The difference in all three is the degree to which one person invades the personal space, or injures, another person. Third degree is mild in nature, second degree is moderate and first is the most serious.
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  • How do you apply for a Hawaii marriage license?

    Q: How do you apply for a Hawaii marriage license?

    A: To apply for a Hawaiian marriage license, first select and hire a licensed performer such as a minister or judge to marry you, and then complete the marriage license application provided by the Hawaii Department of Health. You and your intended partner must take the application to a marriage license agent and submit it along with the license fee to receive a marriage license.
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  • What are the pros and cons of government regulations?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of government regulations?

    A: According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, government regulations help avert market failures and improve unfairness within the system, but regulations also pose burdens upon businesses and individuals. Government regulations place limits on the freedom within which one operates; however, the goals of society deem such intervention necessary in some cases.
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  • Why is freedom of speech important?

    Q: Why is freedom of speech important?

    A: Freedom of speech protects everyone from all walks of life to think and express themselves freely. Without this guaranteed freedom, unpopular opinions would be hidden out of fear of retribution, change and progress would come to a screeching halt and all of the other freedoms listed throughout the Constitution and all of the amendments that follow would crumble.
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  • How should one proceed if a spouse won't sign divorce papers?

    Q: How should one proceed if a spouse won't sign divorce papers?

    A: Should a spouse refuse to sign divorce papers, it is still possible to proceed with the divorce by filing legal paperwork as a single petitioner. According to LegalZoom, a spouse's signature is only necessary if both parties are agreeing to the divorce petition by filing jointly. Alternatively, one spouse can obtain a legal complaint for divorce (not the joint version), fill it out and file it.
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  • What is the difference between criminal law and civil law?

    Q: What is the difference between criminal law and civil law?

    A: State or federal government bring criminal actions against parties that are accused of violating the law and civil actions are non-criminal acts brought against those accused of violating private rights. Examples of criminal law include murder, kidnapping, embezzlement or theft. Civil law examples include breach of contract, compensation-related cases and fraud.
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  • Why is censorship important?

    Q: Why is censorship important?

    A: Censorship is important because of its potential influence on citizens' rights to free speech. It's also important because of the perceived need and practice by some to limit the availability of information for various reasons.
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  • Which states require drug testing in newborns?

    Q: Which states require drug testing in newborns?

    A: According to a Guttmacher Report on Public Policy prepared by Cynthia Dailard and Elizabeth Nash on December 2000, Arizona, Illinois, Iowa, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota and Utah are some of the states that require drug testing in newborns. Depending on the jurisdiction, a positive infant drug test can trigger requirements for the mother to seek treatment or result in a suspension or even withdrawal of parental rights.
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  • Can you marry yourself?

    Q: Can you marry yourself?

    A: Self-marriage is not officially recognized by any government bodies, according to HLNtv.com. It is a symbolic ceremony representing love of self and a lack of need to become part of a couple in order to achieve personal fulfillment.
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  • How do you get rid of a warrant?

    Q: How do you get rid of a warrant?

    A: LegalMatch states that there are typically three ways to resolve an arrest warrant: paying bail or the existing court balance, appearing in court or turning oneself in to authorities. The type of warrant and severity of the crime for which it was issued determine which method of settling a warrant works best.
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  • Are emails considered legal documents?

    Q: Are emails considered legal documents?

    A: The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act gives legal status to contracts negotiated by email, according to an article by Peter J. Lamont for Architectural Lighting. In addition, the Electronic Records and Signatures in Commerce Act states that electronic signatures in email contracts are equally as valid as signatures on paper contracts. Certain contracts such as student loans are exempted from these federal laws.
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  • What kind of lawyer should you contact about a dog bite case?

    Q: What kind of lawyer should you contact about a dog bite case?

    A: An individual who is injured by a dog bite should contact a personal injury lawyer. This type of lawyer provides representation to people who have been either physically or psychologically injured by the action or inaction of another, according to the Legal Information Institute.
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  • What is the law if my dog bites another dog?

    Q: What is the law if my dog bites another dog?

    A: Laws on pet liability depend on a number of factors including violations of animal control laws, negligence and specific provisions of state, county and municipal laws where the incident took place, according to attorney Kenneth Morgan Phillips, the top dog bite lawyer. A dog owner can be held accountable for his dog's actions if the owner failed to take proper precautions or does something unreasonable with the animal.
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  • Can you get a copy of a divorce decree online?

    Q: Can you get a copy of a divorce decree online?

    A: Generally, it is difficult to obtain a copy of a divorce decree online. You can search online for the location of a divorce decree, but you likely need to obtain a copy from the vital statistics office, the local Department of Records or the courthouse where the divorce occurred.
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  • What happens when a house is condemned?

    Q: What happens when a house is condemned?

    A: When a house is condemned, the residents are given a notice to vacate the premises, usually with a short compliance period of one to 30 days, according to the City of St. Paul, Minn. In some instances the house is deemed too hazardous to be inhabited and the residents are required to move immediately.
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  • How is a resolution different from a bill?

    Q: How is a resolution different from a bill?

    A: According to the U.S. Government Printing Office, joint resolutions typically address limited issues while bills often cover broader topics. They are essentially the same, however, because each must be passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the president.
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  • What is the penalty for slashing a car's tires?

    Q: What is the penalty for slashing a car's tires?

    A: Slashing car tires falls under the legal designation of criminal mischief, according to Pennsylvania attorney Jason R. Antoine. Each state has its own penalties, which commonly include monetary damages, probation or jail time. Antoine also notes that criminal mischief penalties correlate with the dollar value associated with the damaged caused by the defendant.
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