International Orgs

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The International Committee of the Red Cross, or ICRC, was founded in 1863 after Henry Dunant published a book advocating for wounded soldiers and lobbied for legislature to improve medical services in the military. In 1864, committee members met with government representatives at the first Geneva Convention in Switzerland, spearheading a treaty that required armies to offer care to any injured soldiers, regardless of what military they belonged to.

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  • How much foreign aid does the United States give to Mexico?

    Q: How much foreign aid does the United States give to Mexico?

    A: In 2013, the United States gave Mexico $51.5 million in foreign aid. Of that amount, $24.8 million, the largest segment, was designated for democracy, human rights and governance. The next largest amount, $10.9 million, was designated for the environment, and $8.4 million was designated for economic development.
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  • Where is CERN located?

    Q: Where is CERN located?

    A: CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is located along the Franco-Swiss border, near Geneva, Switzerland. CERN is home to the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest particle accelerator, where collisions of protons and other ions are observed and recorded.
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  • What is national development?

    Q: What is national development?

    A: National development refers to the ability of a nation to improve the lives of its citizens. Measures of improvement may be material, such as an increase in the gross domestic product, or social, such as literacy rates and availability of healthcare.
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  • What are the benefits of joining the European Union?

    Q: What are the benefits of joining the European Union?

    A: There are several benefits for joining the European Union including membership into the largest single market, access to foreign direct investment and the citizens' right to relocate anywhere within the European Union without a visa.
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  • What is the importance of international relations?

    Q: What is the importance of international relations?

    A: International relations are key for ensuring a safe world. Without effective communication, small misunderstandings can have dire consequences. As the nations grow and change over time, foreign relations are key for forging beneficial relationships.
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  • Why was the United Nations created?

    Q: Why was the United Nations created?

    A: The United Nations was created to ensure that governments of major countries around the world would continue to actively fight against the axis powers in World War Two. The United Nations was formally revealed after the president of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, declared it on January 1st, 1942.
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  • What government agency is responsible for the shrinking of the Aral Sea?

    Q: What government agency is responsible for the shrinking of the Aral Sea?

    A: Under Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's Virgin Lands Program, Soviet policymakers decided to divert the waters of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers from the Aral Sea to desert agricultural programs. This program shrank the Aral Sea and destroyed the regional ecosystem.
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  • Which countries are a part of NAFTA

    Q: Which countries are a part of NAFTA

    A: The United States, Canada and Mexico are three countries that make up NAFTA. The acronym NAFTA stands for North American Trade Association.
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  • What is the main goal of NAFTA?

    Q: What is the main goal of NAFTA?

    A: The main goal of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is to reduce barriers to trade and promote economic growth between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Negotiations between these three countries began in 1994.
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  • What type of organization is Oxfam?

    Q: What type of organization is Oxfam?

    A: Oxfam is an organization whose primary goal is to find solutions to poverty and injustice around the world. It is an international confederation of 17 organizations working together with partners and communities in over 90 countries.
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  • Which countries are Nigeria's allies?

    Q: Which countries are Nigeria's allies?

    A: Nigeria's allies are Niger, Benin, Chad and Cameroon. These countries have assisted or been called upon to assist Nigeria in combating common enemies in regional conflicts, such as conflicts involving the militant group Boko Haram.
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  • What are the G8 countries' names?

    Q: What are the G8 countries' names?

    A: The eight countries making up the G8 were the United States, Great Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Italy and Russia. In March 2014, the other members of the G8 dismissed Russia from membership due to what they termed an "illegal attempt" on the part of Russia to annex Crimea.
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  • What does the WTO do?

    Q: What does the WTO do?

    A: The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only international entity to oversee trade between nations. The WTO helps negotiate and draft trade agreements that are recognized by the majority of trading nations.
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  • How did the Red Cross start?

    Q: How did the Red Cross start?

    A: The International Committee of the Red Cross, or ICRC, was founded in 1863 after Henry Dunant published a book advocating for wounded soldiers and lobbied for legislature to improve medical services in the military. In 1864, committee members met with government representatives at the first Geneva Convention in Switzerland, spearheading a treaty that required armies to offer care to any injured soldiers, regardless of what military they belonged to.
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  • What is the purpose of Greenpeace?

    Q: What is the purpose of Greenpeace?

    A: The purpose of Greenpeace is to point out problems facing the environment and provide solutions to the problems that secure a green and peaceful future for the world. The means to accomplish this purpose is through creative communication and peaceful protests. Greenpeace is the largest independent organization that is dedicated to protecting the environment.
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  • What are the aims of Greenpeace?

    Q: What are the aims of Greenpeace?

    A: Greenpeace, a national and internationally established environmental organization, promotes minimizing environmental harm to ensure health for humans, wildlife and Earth's habitats. Greenpeace formed in 1971 in Vancouver, Canada. It operates in countries around the world, including the United States, focusing on regional, national and international environmental issues.
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  • Why was OPEC formed?

    Q: Why was OPEC formed?

    A: OPEC was formed to allow a group of oil exporting countries to organize their economic policies in order to ensure income and influence oil prices globally. Multinational corporations largely controlled oil markets at the time of OPEC's creation, so the organization formed in order to give member countries greater leverage of the global market and greater control over their natural resources.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the WTO?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of the WTO?

    A: Proponents of the WTO, or World Trade Organization, assert that it creates a strong, stable international economy, while opponents contend that it favors wealthy, developed nations and is widening the global divide between the rich and poor.. The WTO was created in 1995 to encourage and regulate trade between its over 150 participating member nations. The primary objective of the WTO is to create economic growth and encourage free trade among nations: supporters contend the WTO creates economic opportunities, while others say it is disfavors lower class citizens, limiting their opportunities for social and economic mobility.
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  • What countries belong to the Commonwealth?

    Q: What countries belong to the Commonwealth?

    A: As of 2014, there are 53 members in the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. The voluntary political association is made up of independent and sovereign states, many of which are former British colonies or dependencies. Of the states that are members, there are three European states, 12 North American states, one South American state, 18 African states, eight Asian states and 11 states in Oceania.
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  • What is the proper way to address an ambassador?

    Q: What is the proper way to address an ambassador?

    A: If the ambassador is American, address him as "The Honorable (full name) Ambassador of the United States of America." If the ambassador is foreign, address him as "His Excellency (full name) Ambassador of (official name of the country)." These forms of address are valid for both envelope and letter labelling.
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  • Q: How does the IMF affect Africa?

    A: The IMF, or International Monetary Fund, is a major cause of poverty throughout Africa. The claim is that this organization reduces poverty, but the debts and policies of the organization actually have the opposite effect.
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