Elections

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In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.

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  • Which part of the legislature approves presidential appointments?

    Q: Which part of the legislature approves presidential appointments?

    A: In the United States, the Senate is the branch of the legislature that approves presidential appointments. Clause 2 of Section 2 of Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the Senate's power to give "Advice and Consent" to presidential appointments.
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  • How old do you have to be to run for Congress?

    Q: How old do you have to be to run for Congress?

    A: In the United States as of 2014, candidates for Congress must be 25 years old to run for a seat in the House of Representatives and 30 years old to run for a seat in the Senate. Other countries have other age minimums for their respective legislative bodies.
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  • How does the media influence politics?

    Q: How does the media influence politics?

    A: The media influences politics by helping to shape public opinion. The United States has a democratic government, meaning that the people vote to elect leaders and change laws based on the majority. When these voters rely on the mass media to assist them in developing an opinion for determining a vote, the media influences politics.
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  • Why were women not allowed to vote?

    Q: Why were women not allowed to vote?

    A: There were multiple arguments against women's suffrage. Common themes were that a woman's delicate constitution made her unfit for the evils of politics, that she was too occupied with domestic duties to ponder political debate, and that she was too stupid or weak to bear the responsibilities of voting.
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  • Who ran against Bill Clinton for president?

    Q: Who ran against Bill Clinton for president?

    A: William Jefferson Clinton ran against George H.W. Bush and Ross Perot in the 1992 United States presidential elections, and Bob Dole and Ross Perot were his opponents in the 1996 elections. In the 1992 election, Bush was the incumbent Republican president and Perot ran as an independent. Clinton, a Democrat, won with 43 percent of the votes.
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  • Why is voting so important?

    Q: Why is voting so important?

    A: Voting is one of the surest ways for citizens to establish influence over elected officials. Because politicians are concerned primarily with the most vocal elements of their constituencies, groups of people who do not vote tend to receive less attention. This ultimately translates into less power for non-voters to affect the formation of public policy in accordance with their own private interests.
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  • How many terms can the vice president serve?

    Q: How many terms can the vice president serve?

    A: The vice president of the United States is not subject to any term limits. Unlike the president, the vice president can serve in the role indefinitely.
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  • What age group is most likely to vote?

    Q: What age group is most likely to vote?

    A: Citizens aged 65 and older are most likely to vote in elections. According to US News, nearly 61 percent of citizens over the age of 65 voted in the November 2010 election.
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  • Why does the United States hold elections on Tuesdays?

    Q: Why does the United States hold elections on Tuesdays?

    A: In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.
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  • What is the purpose of the electoral college?

    Q: What is the purpose of the electoral college?

    A: The purpose of the electoral college is to be a compromise between election of the president by the vote of Congress and the popular vote of the people. The founding fathers established the electoral college in the United States Constitution, believing that it would be both a buffer and provide fair power to all states regardless of size.
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  • How long does a member of the House of Representatives serve for?

    Q: How long does a member of the House of Representatives serve for?

    A: Members of the House of Representatives serve 2-year terms. These terms come up for reelection in even calendar years.
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  • When do we vote for the next president?

    Q: When do we vote for the next president?

    A: The next presidential election date for legal U.S. residents is Tuesday, Nov. 8, 2016. The date always falls on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November every four years. The last election was held on Nov. 6, 2012.
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  • Why did Andrew Jackson lose the election of 1824?

    Q: Why did Andrew Jackson lose the election of 1824?

    A: Andrew Jackson lost the election of 1824 because, though he received a majority of the popular and electoral votes, his margin was not great enough for a win, and the constitution directed that the election had to be decided by Congress. Henry Clay, one of the candidates, gave his support to John Quincy Adams, another candidate, and Adams won the Congressional vote.
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  • Who did Ronald Reagan run against for his presidential campaigns?

    Q: Who did Ronald Reagan run against for his presidential campaigns?

    A: When seeking the United States presidency, Ronald Reagan ran against then-President Jimmy Carter in 1980 and Walter Mondale in 1984. He won with 489 of the 538 electoral votes, becoming the 40th U.S. president. Reagan was re-elected in 1984 with 525 of the 538 electoral votes.
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  • What month does the Presidential Inauguration take place?

    Q: What month does the Presidential Inauguration take place?

    A: The presidential inauguration takes place during the month of January. More specifically, the inauguration takes place on January 20. If that date happens to be a Sunday, then the ceremony is held the following day.
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  • Q: What is the minimum number of presidential electors per state?

    A: The minimum number of presidential electors per state is three, according to the National Archives. A state is awarded electors equal to its number of members in Congress.
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  • Q: What is a winner-take-all election?

    A: A winner-take-all election is when the political candidate who receives the most number of votes wins the election. It is the predominant method of voting in the United States.
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  • What is a diversity candidate?

    Q: What is a diversity candidate?

    A: A diversity candidate is an individual who brings unique perspectives to an organization. Diversity candidates include minorities, women, people with disabilities, gays, lesbians and members of other non-traditional groups.
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  • Q: Who were the 2015 mayoral candidates for Philadelphia?

    A: The candidates for Philadelphia’s 2015 mayoral general election include Democrat James Kenney and Republican challenger Melissa Lynn Bailey. The general election to select the next Mayor of Philadelphia is to be held on November 3, 2015.
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  • Q: What different types of ballots are there?

    A: The types of ballots used in elections include standard, preferential and approval voting ballots. Voters choose one from a list of candidates in the standard ballot and rank the candidates from their favorite to their least favorite in an ordinal or preferential ballot. Voters choose all the candidates they like in an approval voting ballot.
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  • Q: What are some facts about the 1996 presidential election?

    A: The 53rd United States presidential election took place on Tuesday, Nov. 5, 1996. The election was between Republican candidate Bob Dole, former Senator of Kansas, and Democratic candidate President Bill Clinton from Arkansas. Clinton ran for president with Vice President Al Gore from Tennessee as his running mate, while Bob Dole ran with former Housing Secretary Jack Kemp from New York.
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