Crime

A:

There is some evidence to suggest that the original group known as a "mafia" was an unofficial organization of residents on the Italian island of Sicily who grouped together to form paramilitary groups in order to defend their small island home from invaders. This militaristic origin may be responsible for the formal organizational structure, which relies on a top-down leadership structure and strict adherence to the word of superiors. However, it may be difficult to know exactly what the origins of the Sicilian mafia are, due to the mafia's code of omerta, which demands that members keep mafia activities a secret from outsiders, particularly those in positions of legal authority.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What are some Mob nicknames?

    Q: What are some Mob nicknames?

    A: Members of the Italian-American mafia tend to receive clever or seemingly funny nicknames, including Anthony "Tony Bagels" Cavezza, Giuseppe "Pooch" Destefano, Christopher "Burger" Reynolds, Anthony "Baby Fat Larry" Durso and Joseph "Junior Lollipops" Carna. These are just a few of the nicknames culled from FBI documents associated with a massive 2011 mafia bust in New York.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is graffiti bad?

    Q: Why is graffiti bad?

    A: Graffiti is considered bad because it is associated with broken window theory and other kinds of street crime. Graffiti is associated with gang activity and tagging behaviors whereby criminal groups indicate the areas they circulate by painting specific symbols on walls and other structures. Graffiti encourages littering, loitering and illegal behavior.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who was the Black Dahlia?

    Q: Who was the Black Dahlia?

    A: The Black Dahlia is a pseudonym given to Elizabeth Short, a woman who was brutally murdered in Los Angeles in 1947. This name was used in place of Short's real name as part of the news media's tendency at that time to give florid nicknames to murders that were especially appalling.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How much money did Al Capone make?

    Q: How much money did Al Capone make?

    A: Al Capone, an American gangster, was speculated to have made around $100 million annually from his illegal enterprise. Al Capone inherited his business from a mentor in Chicago named Johnny Torrio. Torrio left his own business to Al Capone to run and returned to Italy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is first degree burglary?

    Q: What is first degree burglary?

    A: First degree burglary is defined as forcibly breaking and entering into someone's home, while persons are in the home, with the sole intent of committing a crime, as stated by attorney Adam R. Banner. The offender forcibly gains entry by breaking a door, window, wall, locks or bolts.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did the Zodiac Killer communicate with police?

    Q: How did the Zodiac Killer communicate with police?

    A: The Zodiac Killer was an unidentified serial killer who is believe to have operated during the late 1960s and early 1970s and is particularly famous for his or her habit of communicating with police and newspapers; the Zodiac Killer is known to have placed multiple calls to police departments, in addition to sending a series of coded messages to local newspapers. There are a total of five confirmed murders attributed to the Zodiac Killer, though the killer claimed in his or her communications with the media to have killed up to 37 individuals. The crimes that are attributed to the Zodiac Killer all took place in northern California, mostly around the San Francisco Bay Area, with the alleged murderer habitually contacting police departments and newspapers in that area.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the effects of invasion of privacy?

    Q: What are the effects of invasion of privacy?

    A: Privacy is a basic human need, and invasion of privacy can have serious psychological and emotional consequences, including paranoia, anxiety, depression and broken trust. Invasion of privacy is both a legal and an ethical issue.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How can you detect counterfeit currency?

    Q: How can you detect counterfeit currency?

    A: There are several different ways to detect counterfeit currency, including examining the bill for characteristic design details, including proper printing of features like the portrait and borders and the presence and proper appearance of water
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How old was Nelson Mandela when he went to jail?

    Q: How old was Nelson Mandela when he went to jail?

    A: Nelson Mandela was 44 years old when he first went to jail in 1962. Mandela was imprisoned for 28 years until his release on Feb. 11, 1990.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a chronic offender?

    Q: What is a chronic offender?

    A: A chronic offender is a person with multiple criminal convictions spread across multiple criminal events. Chronic offenders are responsible for a significant fraction of both property and violent crimes, according to the Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor. Many states have sentencing guidelines that give chronic offenders lengthy sentences.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Is pulling a fire alarm a felony?

    Q: Is pulling a fire alarm a felony?

    A: The first offense of pulling a fire alarm without cause is a misdemeanor. Repeat offenders can face felony charges. However, the first offense may result in felony charges if the prank results in injury or property damage.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the California dog bite law?

    Q: What is the California dog bite law?

    A: California has strict liability statutes against dog owners in the case of a dog bite. The dog owner is fully liable for injuries sustained to another person if his dog bites them, whether the victim was on public or private property.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Was The Godfather based on true facts?

    Q: Was The Godfather based on true facts?

    A: There are aspects of the novel "The Godfather," and its film adaptation, that are based on or inspired by real-life events; for example, the novel's author, Mario Puzo, has described dealing with Frank Sinatra, who was angry that he served as the apparent inspiration for the "Godfather" character Johnny Fontaine. In both the novel and the movie, Fontaine is a popular singer with strong social ties to the mafia, and his story seems to have many parallels with Sinatra's, but Puzo was hesitant to confirm that the fictional popular singer with mob connections was actually based on the real-life popular singer with mob connections. In spite of Puzo's reticence to confirm suspicions, it seems unlikely that the fictional story was not inspired by real life, including instances in which Sinatra's career benefitted from mafia influence.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the causes and effects of corruption?

    Q: What are the causes and effects of corruption?

    A: Greed, the desire for power and the wish to advance oneself in society are primary reasons for corruption. Corruption typically flourishes in societies in which there is a high value placed on money, power and station in life. Its effects might include instability, distrust and unjustness.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are some statistics on serial killers?

    Q: What are some statistics on serial killers?

    A: In the United States, a majority of known and reported serial killers are Caucasian males in their 20s and 30s. Though white males comprise the majority of reported serial killer cases, according to the FBI they are not statistically more likely to be serial killers. Approximately 40 percent of reported and documented serial killers between 1900 and 2010 were African American.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are five elements of fraud?

    Q: What are five elements of fraud?

    A: To demonstrate that fraud has taken place, an investigator or prosecutor must establish five conditions. These are that facts have been misrepresented, the misrepresented facts were material to the transaction and were intended to be relied upon, the victim justifiably relied upon the misrepresentation, and material harm resulted.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the main causes of poaching?

    Q: What are the main causes of poaching?

    A: Poverty is one of the main reasons why people are motivated to poach, according to The Guardian. Corruption also drives poaching, particularly among corrupt officials and policemen. Traffickers and cartels also feed the poaching trade.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do I investigate a person for free?

    Q: How do I investigate a person for free?

    A: The best way to investigate a person for free is to use a variety of methods, including Internet searches, public record searches and library research. Investigating people for free is possible, but such efforts often require you put in great amounts of work and effort to find the results you seek.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the causes of teenage crime?

    Q: What are the causes of teenage crime?

    A: According to the Ontario Ministry of Child and Youth Services, the causes of teenage or youth crimes are numerous. Prominent causes include economic deprivation, psychological causes and media perception.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a non-violent crime?

    Q: What is a non-violent crime?

    A: A non-violent crime is any crime that does not involve the use of force or cause injury to another person. Non-violent crimes are often judged in terms of property damage or loss to the victim.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the safest city in the world?

    Q: What is the safest city in the world?

    A: The safest city in the world is Melbourne, Australia, which received a 97.5 out of 100 city score from the Economist Intelligence Unit. These city scores are based on criteria such as safety, quality of life, cleanliness, culture and affordability.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: