Branches of Government

A:

Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.

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  • How Long Is a Senator's Term in Office?

    Q: How Long Is a Senator's Term in Office?

    A: United States senators serve 6-year terms, although they may seek reelection after each term, and there is no formal or official limit to the number of years or terms a senator may serve. Senators may resign voluntarily or opt to not seek reelection, and they can also be formally expelled by the Senate in the case of wrongdoing; in these cases, two-thirds of the Senate must vote for expulsion, and it is very rare for this process to occur. Each senator serves alongside a fellow senator from the same state, and each state in the union is accorded two Senate seats, as are two unofficial "shadow senators" from the District of Columbia.
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  • How Do You Apply for Obamacare?

    Q: How Do You Apply for Obamacare?

    A: In order to make signing up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act as easy as possible, the Obama administration has set up a central website, Healthcare.gov, to handle applications. Entering your information into this site allows the site to guide you through the process of establishing health insurance for yourself and your family.
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  • Who Is the Head of the Legislative Branch?

    Q: Who Is the Head of the Legislative Branch?

    A: Both the Speaker of the House and the Vice President of the United States head the legislative branch of the government. The legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and the Senate.
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  • How Many Votes Does It Take to Impeach a President?

    Q: How Many Votes Does It Take to Impeach a President?

    A: A simple majority of the House of Representatives (at least 218 votes) is required to impeach a U.S. President followed by a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate (at least 67 votes).
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  • How Many People Are in the U.S. Senate?

    Q: How Many People Are in the U.S. Senate?

    A: One hundred people serve in the Senate of the United States. Each of the 50 states is guaranteed two Senators. The District of Columbia does not have a U.S. Senator, nor do any of the U.S. territories.
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  • Which Branch of Government Declares Laws Unconstitutional?

    Q: Which Branch of Government Declares Laws Unconstitutional?

    A: The judicial branch of the U.S. government declares laws unconstitutional. The federal courts of the judicial branch have the sole power to determine the constitutionality of the law, interpret the law and apply the law to cases that are brought before it. Article III of the U.S. Constitution established the judicial branch to balance the powers of the legislative and executive branches of government.
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  • Do Judges Make Law?

    Q: Do Judges Make Law?

    A: Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.
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  • How Many Votes Does Congress Need to Override a Veto?

    Q: How Many Votes Does Congress Need to Override a Veto?

    A: It's impossible to find the word "veto" in the United States Constitution. However, the president has the power to refuse to sign legislation, and that's clearly outlined in the Constitution.
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  • What Are the Military Powers of the President?

    Q: What Are the Military Powers of the President?

    A: The President of the United States, per Article II of the Constitution, acts as commander-in-chief of the armed forces during times of war. However, Congress must have officially declared a state of war before the president can assume direct command. The modern world has muddied the waters regarding what the president can do.
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  • What Is Judicial Power?

    Q: What Is Judicial Power?

    A: Judicial power involves constitutional authority assigned to courts and judges, according to the Free Dictionary. The authority enables them to interpret and apply the law, arbitrate legal disputes and carry out justice.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Federal and State Governments?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Federal and State Governments?

    A: The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.
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  • What Are the Express Powers of Congress?

    Q: What Are the Express Powers of Congress?

    A: The express powers of Congress are those powers granted specifically in the United States Constitution, which include the ability to make laws, amend the Constitution and declare war. Additionally, Congress is also responsible for the United States Postal Service. The House of Representatives also has ability to initiate tax laws and call for the impeachment of government officials. The Senate approves all Presidential appointments and tries government officials for impeachment.
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  • How Can Hillary Clinton Be Contacted?

    Q: How Can Hillary Clinton Be Contacted?

    A: Hillary Clinton can be contacted through her website, www.hillaryclinton.com, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. Contact requests can also be made through her mailing address: Hillary Rodham Clinton, Post Office Box 5256, New York, NJ 10185.
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  • Why Is Barack Obama a Good Leader?

    Q: Why Is Barack Obama a Good Leader?

    A: President Barack Obama is a good leader because he is perceptive. As the leader of the free world, President Barack Obama rallies for the people. He understands that the United States can only work as a unit when everyone has the same opportunities in healthcare, education and employment.
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  • What Is the Role of the National Government?

    Q: What Is the Role of the National Government?

    A: The role of any national government is to protect the safety and well-being of its citizens and the sovereignty of the country's borders. National government is authorized to act based on a legal constitution, federal laws and accepted civil standards. All citizens benefit from agencies and programs created by national government.
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  • What Are the Duties of the U.S. Senate?

    Q: What Are the Duties of the U.S. Senate?

    A: The U.S. Senate proposes and considers new laws, approves or rejects presidential nominations, provides advice and consent on international treaties, and serves as the high court for impeachment trials. Although the U.S. House of Representatives also works on new legislation, only the Senate performs the other three duties.
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  • How Many Times May a Congressman Be Re-Elected?

    Q: How Many Times May a Congressman Be Re-Elected?

    A: Congressmen may be re-elected for an unlimited number of terms; representatives serve unlimited two-year terms, while Senators serve unlimited six-year terms. There are 435 congressmen or members of the House of Representatives.
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  • What Are Examples of Judicial Power?

    Q: What Are Examples of Judicial Power?

    A: The judicial system's power relies on the structure of checks and balances in government. The judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, courts of appeal and district courts. The judicial branch checks both the executive and legislative branch, but it also follows balances from these two branches. It has the power to enforce law and order and protect the rights of the citizenry.
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  • What Are the Three Levels of State Courts in the United States?

    Q: What Are the Three Levels of State Courts in the United States?

    A: The three levels of state courts in the Unites States are the trial level, the intermediate appellate level and the high appellate level. In some states, the higher trial court is known as the general jurisdiction or the superior court, while the lower level of the trial court is referred to as the limited jurisdiction or the municipal court.
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  • How Many People Work in the Pentagon?

    Q: How Many People Work in the Pentagon?

    A: As of 2014, about 23,000 people work in the Pentagon. The staff at the Pentagon includes a combination of civilian and military personnel. The facility was completed in 1943 and was meant to be the hub from which the country managed issues related to World War II.
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  • Which Party Controls the House of Representatives?

    Q: Which Party Controls the House of Representatives?

    A: As of March 26, 2014, the U.S. House of Representatives is controlled by a Republican majority. The Republicans control a total of 233 seats.
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