Branches of Government

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There are many benefits to being President of the United States: an annual salary; expense and travel accounts; housing in the White Hose, Camp David, and a guest house; Presidential State Car; Air Force One and Marine One for transportation; protection by the Secret Service; and great retirement benefits. While the position of president is not the most lucrative, the benefits compensate for the pay.

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  • What is judicial power?

    Q: What is judicial power?

    A: Judicial power involves constitutional authority assigned to courts and judges, according to the Free Dictionary. The authority enables them to interpret and apply the law, arbitrate legal disputes and carry out justice.
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  • Do judges make law?

    Q: Do judges make law?

    A: Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.
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  • Which branch of government declares laws unconstitutional?

    Q: Which branch of government declares laws unconstitutional?

    A: The judicial branch of the U.S. government declares laws unconstitutional. The federal courts of the judicial branch have the sole power to determine the constitutionality of the law, interpret the law and apply the law to cases that are brought before it. Article III of the U.S. Constitution established the judicial branch to balance the powers of the legislative and executive branches of government.
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  • What is the purpose of legislation?

    Q: What is the purpose of legislation?

    A: The purpose of legislation is to provide a governing framework. According to Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute, legislation includes both the process of statutory formulation and the resulting statute itself. Legislation guides the policy of government and ensures a code of conduct between citizens as well as between the government and citizens. In the United States, the legislative process occurs on both a federal and state level.
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  • How do you apply for Obamacare?

    Q: How do you apply for Obamacare?

    A: In order to make signing up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act as easy as possible, the Obama administration has set up a central website, Healthcare.gov, to handle applications. Entering your information into this site allows the site to guide you through the process of establishing health insurance for yourself and your family.
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  • How many votes does Congress need to override a veto?

    Q: How many votes does Congress need to override a veto?

    A: A two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and in the Senate is required to override a presidential veto. The exact number depends on how many representatives vote; therefore, the actual number is subject to change.
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  • What are the three levels of state courts in the United States?

    Q: What are the three levels of state courts in the United States?

    A: The three levels of state courts in the Unites States are the trial level, the intermediate appellate level and the high appellate level. In some states, the higher trial court is known as the general jurisdiction or the superior court, while the lower level of the trial court is referred to as the limited jurisdiction or the municipal court.
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  • What are examples of judicial power?

    Q: What are examples of judicial power?

    A: The judicial system's power relies on the structure of checks and balances in government. The judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, courts of appeal and district courts. The judicial branch checks both the executive and legislative branch, but it also follows balances from these two branches. It has the power to enforce law and order and protect the rights of the citizenry.
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  • How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    Q: How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    A: One hundred people serve in the Senate of the United States. Each of the 50 states is guaranteed two Senators. The District of Columbia does not have a U.S. Senator, nor do any of the U.S. territories.
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  • Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    Q: Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    A: As of March 26, 2014, the U.S. House of Representatives is controlled by a Republican majority. The Republicans control a total of 233 seats.
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  • What are the military powers of the president?

    Q: What are the military powers of the president?

    A: The President of the United States, per Article II of the Constitution, acts as commander-in-chief of the armed forces during times of war. However, Congress must have officially declared a state of war before the president can assume direct command. The modern world has muddied the waters regarding what the president can do.
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  • How does a bill move through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    Q: How does a bill move through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    A: A bill is first introduced by any member of the House of Representatives, then it goes to a committee for study before possibly being added to the House calendar for debate, amendments and then a final vote. If a bill is passed, it goes to the Senate for consideration. A conference committee between both chambers is needed if the Senate passes a different version of the House bill.
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  • What are the express powers of Congress?

    Q: What are the express powers of Congress?

    A: The express powers of Congress are those powers granted specifically in the United States Constitution, which include the ability to make laws, amend the Constitution and declare war. Additionally, Congress is also responsible for the United States Postal Service. The House of Representatives also has ability to initiate tax laws and call for the impeachment of government officials. The Senate approves all Presidential appointments and tries government officials for impeachment.
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  • What is the role of the national government?

    Q: What is the role of the national government?

    A: The role of any national government is to protect the safety and well-being of its citizens and the sovereignty of the country's borders. National government is authorized to act based on a legal constitution, federal laws and accepted civil standards. All citizens benefit from agencies and programs created by national government.
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  • Who is the current Senate majority leader?

    Q: Who is the current Senate majority leader?

    A: As of April 2014, Nevada Democrat Harry Reid is the U.S. Senate majority leader. The U.S. Senate minority leader is Republican Mitch McConnell of Kentucky.
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  • What are the duties of the U.S. Senate?

    Q: What are the duties of the U.S. Senate?

    A: The U.S. Senate proposes and considers new laws, approves or rejects presidential nominations, provides advice and consent on international treaties, and serves as the high court for impeachment trials. Although the U.S. House of Representatives also works on new legislation, only the Senate performs the other three duties.
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  • How does the President check the power of Congress?

    Q: How does the President check the power of Congress?

    A: The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.
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  • How many terms can a mayor serve?

    Q: How many terms can a mayor serve?

    A: The number of terms a mayor can serve depends on the particular laws of the mayor's city. According to the National League of Cities, only 9 percent of cities limit a mayor's terms in office, and of that 9 percent, 55 percent of cities have a two-term limit, 30 percent allow three terms and 9 percent permit four terms.
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  • How long was John F. Kennedy in office?

    Q: How long was John F. Kennedy in office?

    A: John F. Kennedy was in office for 2 years and 10 months. He defeated Richard Nixon to become the 35th President on January 20, 1961. He was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, TX on November 22, 1963.
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  • Why is Barack Obama a good leader?

    Q: Why is Barack Obama a good leader?

    A: President Barack Obama is a good leader because he is perceptive. As the leader of the free world, President Barack Obama rallies for the people. He understands that the United States can only work as a unit when everyone has the same opportunities in healthcare, education and employment.
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  • How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?

    Q: How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?

    A: Nine judges, called justices, form the United States Supreme Court. One of the justices serves as the chief justice, while the remaining eight serve as associate justices. The nine current Supreme Court justices include Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel Anthony Alito Jr., Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
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