Branches of Government

A:

Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.

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  • What are the duties of the U.S. Senate?

    Q: What are the duties of the U.S. Senate?

    A: The U.S. Senate proposes and considers new laws, approves or rejects presidential nominations, provides advice and consent on international treaties, and serves as the high court for impeachment trials. Although the U.S. House of Representatives also works on new legislation, only the Senate performs the other three duties.
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  • What is the name of the presidential helicopter?

    Q: What is the name of the presidential helicopter?

    A: The name or designation of the presidential helicopter is "Marine One." This call sign is assigned to any rotary-type aircraft that is piloted by marines and tasked with transporting the president. According to a Federal Aviation document, the president inherits the call sign of the service, plus "One."
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  • Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    Q: Which party controls the House of Representatives?

    A: As of March 26, 2014, the U.S. House of Representatives is controlled by a Republican majority. The Republicans control a total of 233 seats.
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  • What is the purpose of legislation?

    Q: What is the purpose of legislation?

    A: The purpose of legislation is to provide a governing framework. According to Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute, legislation includes both the process of statutory formulation and the resulting statute itself. Legislation guides the policy of government and ensures a code of conduct between citizens as well as between the government and citizens. In the United States, the legislative process occurs on both a federal and state level.
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  • How many terms can a mayor serve?

    Q: How many terms can a mayor serve?

    A: The number of terms a mayor can serve depends on the particular laws of the mayor's city. According to the National League of Cities, only 9 percent of cities limit a mayor's terms in office, and of that 9 percent, 55 percent of cities have a two-term limit, 30 percent allow three terms and 9 percent permit four terms.
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  • How can Hillary Clinton be contacted?

    Q: How can Hillary Clinton be contacted?

    A: Hillary Clinton can be contacted through her personal website, which is hillaryclintonoffice.com; however, there is no guarantee that contacting Mrs. Clinton will result in a meeting or a response. Contact requests can also be made through mail at her address: Office of Hillary Rodham Clinton, 120 West 45th Street, Suite 2700, New York, NY 10036.
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  • How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    Q: How many people are in the U.S. Senate?

    A: One hundred people serve in the Senate of the United States. Each of the 50 states is guaranteed two Senators. The District of Columbia does not have a U.S. Senator, nor do any of the U.S. territories.
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  • How many votes does it take to impeach a President?

    Q: How many votes does it take to impeach a President?

    A: A simple majority of the U.S. House of Representatives (at least 218 votes) is required to impeach a U.S. President, followed by a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate (at least 67 votes). The number of votes required make impeachment difficult. No American President has been removed from office by impeachment.
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  • What are the three levels of state courts in the United States?

    Q: What are the three levels of state courts in the United States?

    A: The three levels of state courts in the Unites States are the trial level, the intermediate appellate level and the high appellate level. In some states, the higher trial court is known as the general jurisdiction or the superior court, while the lower level of the trial court is referred to as the limited jurisdiction or the municipal court.
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  • How does a bill move through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    Q: How does a bill move through the U.S. House of Representatives?

    A: A bill is first introduced by any member of the House of Representatives, then it goes to a committee for study before possibly being added to the House calendar for debate, amendments and then a final vote. If a bill is passed, it goes to the Senate for consideration. A conference committee between both chambers is needed if the Senate passes a different version of the House bill.
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  • How long is a Senator's term in office?

    Q: How long is a Senator's term in office?

    A: United States senators serve 6-year terms, although they may seek reelection after each term, and there is no formal or official limit to the number of years or terms a senator may serve. Senators may resign voluntarily or opt to not seek reelection, and they can also be formally expelled by the Senate in the case of wrongdoing; in these cases, two-thirds of the Senate must vote for expulsion, and it is very rare for this process to occur. Each senator serves alongside a fellow senator from the same state, and each state in the union is accorded two Senate seats, as are two unofficial "shadow senators" from the District of Columbia.
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  • What are the special duties of the United States House of Representatives?

    Q: What are the special duties of the United States House of Representatives?

    A: The special duties of the U.S. House of Representatives include the power to initiate bills to collect tax money and other revenue, the ability to impeach federal officials and the duty to elect the president if there is a tie in the electoral college. In addition to these special duties, the U.S. House of Representatives, along with the U.S. Senate, proposes, studies and votes on legislation that affects the United States at the federal level. In order for a bill to be sent to the president for approval, it must pass both the U.S. House and the U.S. Senate.
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  • What are the benefits of being President of the United States?

    Q: What are the benefits of being President of the United States?

    A: There are many benefits to being President of the United States: an annual salary; expense and travel accounts; housing in the White Hose, Camp David, and a guest house; Presidential State Car; Air Force One and Marine One for transportation; protection by the Secret Service; and great retirement benefits. While the position of president is not the most lucrative, the benefits compensate for the pay.
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  • What is the difference between federal and state governments?

    Q: What is the difference between federal and state governments?

    A: The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.
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  • How does the President check the power of Congress?

    Q: How does the President check the power of Congress?

    A: The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.
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  • Who is the head of the legislative branch?

    Q: Who is the head of the legislative branch?

    A: Both the Speaker of the House and the Vice President of the United States head the legislative branch of the government. The legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and the Senate.
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  • How many votes does Congress need to override a veto?

    Q: How many votes does Congress need to override a veto?

    A: A two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and in the Senate is required to override a presidential veto. The exact number depends on how many representatives vote; therefore, the actual number is subject to change.
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  • How do you apply for Obamacare?

    Q: How do you apply for Obamacare?

    A: In order to make signing up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act as easy as possible, the Obama administration has set up a central website, Healthcare.gov, to handle applications. Entering your information into this site allows the site to guide you through the process of establishing health insurance for yourself and your family.
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  • How old do you have to be to run for president?

    Q: How old do you have to be to run for president?

    A: According to the United States Constitution, a presidential candidate must be at least 35 years old. There is no upper age limit. In addition to minimum age, presidential hopefuls must fulfill other requirements.
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  • What does the president's cabinet do?

    Q: What does the president's cabinet do?

    A: The role of the president���s cabinet is split into two broad categories: advising the president on issues to do with policy, and carrying out any agreed upon plans. U.S. Cabinet members are given the title of Secretary.
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  • What are examples of judicial power?

    Q: What are examples of judicial power?

    A: The judicial system's power relies on the structure of checks and balances in government. The judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, courts of appeal and district courts. The judicial branch checks both the executive and legislative branch, but it also follows balances from these two branches. It has the power to enforce law and order and protect the rights of the citizenry.
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