The Executive Branch includes the President’s office, the Vice President’s office, the office of the First Lady, federal departments, independent agencies, boards and commissions. There are 15 federal agencies within the executive branch, including the Department of Labor, the Department of Defense and Department of Education. Over 60 standing boards and commissions are also in the Executive Branch.Continue Reading
The President is the leader of the Executive Branch. The President must approve final policy decisions from each of the departments, agencies, boards and commissions. The President has the power to appoint new boards and commissions on any matter without the approval of another branch of government. Under the President are the Vice President and the leaders of the Cabinet. The Cabinet consists of the department heads within the federal executive branch. Internal agencies within each department report to these department heads.
Quasi-independent agencies also fall under the purview of the President and the Executive Branch. These agencies exert more freedom in decision making. The Federal Reserve, for instance, is a quasi-independent agency that ultimately answers to the President but also makes independent policy decisions, such as interest rates and inflationary measures. There are limits to the power of the Executive Branch on these agencies per Congressional regulations.Learn more about Branches of Government
In 1789, the three executive departments set up by Congress were the Foreign Affairs, Treasury and War departments. The Foreign Affairs department was later renamed the State Department.Full Answer >
The Illinois Secretary of State is the head of 20 separate departments that provide public services to citizens, including issuing driver’s licenses and registering vehicles, managing the Illinois State Library and Archives, and organizing literacy and organ donation programs. The Secretary of State is also in charge of the Court of Claims and the Capitol Complex buildings in Springfield and Chicago.Full Answer >
Those eligible for jury duty exemption include members of the armed forces on active duty, public officers who are actively engaged in public duties and members of the local fire and police departments. Others who desire an exemption must petition the court to attempt to obtain one.Full Answer >
The legislative branch of the U.S. government, which is responsible for making and passing laws, is also known as the U.S. Congress. Congress is comprised of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The laws enacted by Congress are enforced by the executive branch and, when needed, interpreted by the judicial branch.Full Answer >