Examples of police misconduct include false arrest, malicious prosecution and the use of excessive force even if the officer has good intentions. Additionally, the failure to intervene when fellow officers violate the constitutional rights of a citizen is another example of police misconduct, according to FindLaw.
The Constitution limits the powers that police officers have when enforcing the law. This is to protect citizens' constitutional rights. Police officers are legally permitted to question citizens provided they respect citizens' constitutional rights. The arrest is reasonable only if an officer has probable cause. The law allows officers to arrest citizens who commit misdemeanors or felonies in the presence of police. Such arrests are done even without a warrant, states FindLaw.
A victim proves false arrest by showing that the arresting officer lacked sufficient facts to justify an arrest. Malicious prosecution is void unless a victim proves that the officer in question lacks probable cause to start criminal proceedings. Proving excessive force entails showing that the officer lacks a justifiable cause to use force, according to FindLaw.
Emerging issues in police misconduct include patterns of arrest that are discriminatory. Such arrest patterns affect demographics such as racial minorities, homeless people and gay people, according to American Civil Liberties Union.