The U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces and U.S. Tax Court are examples of legislative courts. Legislative courts are created by Congress for specialized purposes.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims accepts appeals from veterans who experience denial of applications for education, pension or health care benefits by Veterans Affairs. The court is independent from the Department of Veterans Affairs and allows veterans to seek an impartial review of their denied claims. Once the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims makes a ruling on a claim review, the VA cannot appeal it.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces reviews appeals by members of the armed forces convicted of breaking military law. The court reviews all military death penalty decisions automatically. This court employs five civilian judges appointed by president of the United States to serve 15-year terms, and it exists to allow service members the ability to have their convictions reviewed outside of the military court system.
The U.S. Tax Court hears disputes between the Internal Revenue Service and taxpayers. Cases related to estate and gift taxes, income, and notices of deficiency are some types of cases before this court. It also has jurisdiction to review collection actions by the IRS.