In terms of government, exclusive powers, also called delegated powers, are those that are reserved solely for the federal or national government. In the United States, some examples of exclusive powers are the right to print money and declare war.
Other exclusive powers of the U.S. government include the right to levy tariffs on imports and exports, the right to regulate both international and interstate trade, the right to establish immigration policy, the right to form treaties with other governments, the right to enforce copyrights, and the right to maintain a postal service, a military and a federal court system that can overrule state courts in certain matters.
Exclusive powers are the opposite of reserve powers, which are granted to individual states or territories. This division between exclusive and reserve powers is usually only found in federal systems of government or those with a constitutional democracy in which the division of powers is spelled out in the constitution. Other countries that have a similar system of government include Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Ethiopia, Germany, India, Iraq, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Switzerland. Division of powers varies with each country, however, with Australia, Canada and Switzerland most closely resembling the system used in the United States.