Drug enforcement is an example of cooperative federalism, holding both federal and state governments responsible in upholding drug laws using federal agents and local police. The education system employs similar cooperative federalism, with the federal government funding schools while allowing school boards to choose their own curriculum and teacher qualifications.Continue Reading
The concept of cooperative federalism is one where federal, state and local governments are able to cooperate to solve common problems. Cooperative federalism emphasizes that the responsibilities of federal and state governments overlap, making no clear distinction between the two.
The theory first came about during the New Deal - a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938 due to the growth in power of the federal government in response to the Great Depression. In order to implement the policies of the New Deal, the federal government was forced to work alongside state and local governments, giving equal standing to city and state legislatures.
The Aid to Families with Dependent Children program is another example of cooperative federalism, originally established by the Social Security Act of 1935 and passed as part of the New Deal. The program is mostly funded by the federal government and provides financial assistance to families in need. The states are responsible for managing the program and determining how benefits are distributed according to the state’s own established guidelines based on income and resource limits within federal limitations.Learn more about Types of Government
One example of a confederate government was the first U.S. government created by the Articles of Confederation in 1777. The Confederate States of America, formed in 1861, was another confederate government. Switzerland is an example of a country that calls itself a confederation but has a federal government structure.Full Answer >
Block grants in the United States reflect cooperative federalism because they demonstrate a sharing of fiscal responsibility for local and state needs by national government, but they are also a devolution from previous categorical, formula and matching grants. Because they give states greater control regarding how the money will be used, block grants shift power back to the state level. Block grants are believed to have helped the concept of cooperative federalism to continue, but after the earlier types of grants, which carried strict regulations, had already forced state and local governments to become more capable and responsible in their spending decisions.Full Answer >
According to Dr. Dianne Berman of Santa Monica College, the advantages of federalism include the ability to experiment with policy, empowerment of local government, opportunities for direct democracy and decentralization of power. The disadvantages of federalism include conflict between regional and national governments and inequality between regional governments.Full Answer >
Although both federal and confederate governments are multilateral systems of government that entail a central government as well as smaller state or municipal governments, a federal system assigns more power to the central government, whereas a confederate system reserves most of the power for the states. In a confederation, the central government has no power to tax the people or enforce laws.Full Answer >