The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 is a U.S. federal law that mandates the legal rights of employed caregivers. It outlines the legal definition of a caregiver and provides the legal criteria that define whether a company is subject to the obligations of employers that the act mandates, according to the National Caregivers Library.
Under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, employees of affected companies won the right to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year to provide care for a child, parent or spouse suffering from serious health conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, cancer and recovery from accidents. The law also grants the right to months of unpaid leave for parents in the first year after childbirth, both for general care of the mother and the infant or for placement of the newborn in adoptive or foster care, reports the National Caregivers Library. In all of these cases, caregivers have the right to return to work following the period of leave with the same pay and benefits as before the period of leave, according to Hospice.
A caregiver is eligible for these rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 if he works for a public agency, an educational institution or a company that employs more than 50 employees in a 75-mile radius. Simultaneously, the caregiver needs to have worked for his employer for more than a year and worked more than 1,250 hours during the previous 12 months, reports the National Caregivers Library.