The English Bill of Rights is a document penned and approved by Parliament in 1689 that limited the powers of co-sovereigns William and Mary. The document outlines the rights of Parliament, including freedom of speech, regular elections and the ability to petition the monarch without fear of retribution. The English Bill of Rights was a precursor to similar enumerations in the Constitution of the United States of America, explains BillofRightsInstitute.org.Continue Reading
Other rights set forth in the document include provisions that forbid excessive bail, require legislative authority to collect taxes, allow Protestants to carry legal firearms for protection and make raising a standing army in times of peace illegal without the permission of Parliament. The English Bill of Rights forbids the monarchy from suspending the law. Further, the document states no one should be subject to cruel and unusual punishments or is required to forfeit fines and property until actually convicted of a crime in the judicial system.
Some verbiage of the English Bill of Rights is directly re-stated in the American Bill of Rights. Portions of the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution have roots in the 1689 document passed by Parliament. The original English Bill of Rights was a direct reaction to the reign of King James II, who preceded William and Mary. The document has been modified, interpreted and superseded over time to reflect changes in the British legal system.Learn more about Foreign Laws
Secularism, constitutional supremacy, fundamental rights, division of powers, and an independent and impartial judiciary are some of the salient features of the Constitution of India. These features work to directly support the constitution's intent to secure every Indian citizen equality, justice, fraternity and liberty, as stated in its preamble,.Full Answer >
The English Bill of Rights of 1689 inspired the American Bill of Rights. One of the bill's authors, James Madison, also drew inspiration from the Virginia Declaration of Rights, ratified before the Constitution of Virginia in 1776.Full Answer >
The original Bill of Rights limits the government's powers on individual liberties. Under it, Congress cannot establish a religion or prevent the practice of one, nor can soldiers be stationed in someone's house without their consent. It guarantees the right to a jury and a public trial.Full Answer >
According to About.com, one of the principal arguments against the Bill of Rights was that the government would be free to ignore rights not specifically mentioned in the document. The Ninth Amendment explicitly refutes that interpretation.Full Answer >