Pregnant women, children, disabled persons and the elderly who meet low-income standards are eligible for Medicaid in every state. In 2014, eligibility expanded in some states to include everyone who earns up to 138 percent of the federal poverty level.Continue Reading
Medicaid health care programs are operated at the state level according to certain minimum standards set by the federal government. State programs must match the federal minimum eligibility standards, but may choose to expand coverage beyond the minimums in order to cover additional people. Thus, the effective minimum eligibility standards vary greatly by state.
For example, federal standards ensure that pregnant women in families earning 133 percent of the federal poverty level or less are eligible for Medicaid in every U.S. state. However, some states offer Medicaid coverage to pregnant women in families earning as much as 185 percent of the federal poverty level, a difference in eligibility requirements that amounts to household income of nearly $8,200 for a husband and wife expecting their first child.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, popularly known as "Obamacare," includes a program to expand Medicaid eligibility requirements to include all low-income individuals and families that earn 138 percent of the federal poverty level or less. However, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled this part of the law to be voluntary on the part of the states. As of April 2014, 26 states are participating in the expansion of Medicaid eligibility. The remaining 24 states are not moving forward. In those states, the former federal minimum eligibility standards still apply.Learn more about Social Services
Wards of the state are typically children who become the financial responsibility of the state in which they live because their parents either can't or refuse to continue to have responsibility for them. In some states, however, the phrase "ward of the state" refers to someone who is incarcerated.Full Answer >
In order to qualify for Texas Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF, which is the state's cash aid welfare program, the applicant must be a United States citizen or U.S. national, a resident of Texas, be pregnant or have children at home and have a very low income. Applicants may be unemployed or under-employedFull Answer >
In order to qualify for the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, or HUD, elderly and low-income housing program, applicants must meet certain citizenship and income requirements. Applications for assistance must be submitted at the public housing authority nearest the applicant.Full Answer >
As of 2015, the Lifeline assistance program is the only government program that gives eligible persons the opportunity to receive a free cell phone. Individuals must apply and be accepted into the program to receive discounted phone services. Once participants are approved, they can receive free cell phones by signing up with service providers that offer free phones to people in the program. Lifeline cell phone service providers include Assurance and Safelink.Full Answer >