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What are DOT hazmat regulations?

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Quick Answer

DOT stands for the Department of Transportation, and hazmat regulations refers to the rules and guidelines all motorists although it is typically commercial carriers transporting these materials must follow when transporting hazardous materials across the country. The federal hazardous materials regulations are handled by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The regulations cover which materials are hazardous, how they must be packaged for transport and training and communications requirements for all involved, notes the FMCSA.

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Full Answer

Some of the materials that are transported, according to the federal hazardous materials regulations, are hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, marine pollutants and elevated temperature materials. Carriers transporting these materials must display the sign on their trucks that shows that contents are hazardous.

The regulations also set out requirements for the emergency response should there be an issue when the materials are in transport, including that the phone number must be monitored the entire time the shipment is being transported and all information about the materials must be listed on the shipping paper for easy reference for responders.

Safety fitness standards are another important part of the regulations and their purpose is to ensure the safety of the carriers and the general public during the transport of these materials, but the regulations also provide a benchmark that makes it easier for carriers to be assessed on how well they are abiding by the regulations and which carriers need to focus on retraining in certain areas.

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