Disproving false accusations is done by initiating a defamation lawsuit, the Digital Media Law Project explains. There are two types of false accusations: slander and libel, both of which can be prosecuted in court. Slander occurs when a false accusation is spoken, while libel occurs when the accusation is in written form, such as in a newspaper or magazine.
When a false accusation is published orally, it could occur in casual conversation, over the radio or in a speech. False accusations are a defamation of character, when a person's false statements damage the character, reputation and integrity of a person. The target of those accusations can collect damages in a lawsuit, the Digital Media Law Project reports.
To be successful in a defamation case, the person who has had the false statements made against him must be able to prove that the defamatory statement made is known to be false by the defendant, the Digital Media Law Project says. The plaintiff must also prove that the false statement caused harm to the defendant, such as loss of profits. The target must also be clearly identified in the false statement, and the statement cannot be vague, the New York City Bar Legal Referral Service notes.