Some of the disadvantages of a socialist economy include less competition, reduced incentive to work and reduced prosperity. Socialism is a system that emphasizes cooperative economic management and state ownership of the means of production.
Critics argue that the nature of socialism reduces economic competition, leading to slower economic growth and fewer technological advancements. Proponents of capitalism argue that competition between private businesses creates a culture of innovation in which companies must constantly improve their goods and services in order to maintain market share. In a socialist economy, where the government controls the means of production, competition is eliminated and innovation stifled.
Other critics argue that socialism also reduces the incentive to work hard and accomplish more. Socialism is based around income sharing, in which the distribution of wealth is more equal than in capitalist economies. Doing more work does not always result in greater rewards, so workers have less to aspire to and are unlikely to work as hard.
Critics also argue that socialism reduces overall prosperity by reducing the potential to maximize profit. Socialism?s equalizing effects reduce or prevent the ability to gain the most profit from use of resources, labor and land. Locations with advantageous resources have less chance to capitalize on them, and the most intelligent, enterprising individuals have fewer opportunities to fuel economic growth, creating less prosperity overall.