The disadvantages of a political party include placing the interests of the party over those of a nation, weak governance and fostering division. There is also the argument that a political party only reflects the views of the most extreme members of that party alone and not the sentiment of the average person.Continue Reading
In his farewell address to the nation, President George Washington expressed disfavor of political parties because he believed that factionalism creates mischief. He was concerned that the new Democratic-Republican and Federalist parties could divide the country when he left office, and he stressed that government should operate through unity. Washington believed that special interests may dominate the government, and he argued that vengeance could develop as one party tried to upend the other. He also believed that the dominion of one party over another could give way to despotism over time. Washington argued that the people should change policies through the electoral process or amending the Constitution instead of relying on a political party.
Political parties may also become hijacked by members who strive for ideological purity, which could quell moderate and dissenting opinions. This strict adherence to ideology can be reflected in congressional districts, which result in gridlock and partisan fighting. There are those who believe that American politics are too divisive, and there is the view that the two-party system works against the interests of the American people.Learn more about Political Parties
The five major functions of a political party are recruitment of candidates, fundraising, campaign support, advocacy of political issues and government organization. The Democrats and Republicans are the dominant political parties in the United States.Full Answer >
Although the two terms are often used interchangeably, a political party can be a faction, but a faction is not necessarily a political party. A political party exists for the purpose of obtaining and maintaining power within the government. A faction is a group within a group that maintains influence.Full Answer >
In most states, declaration of political party affiliation occurs when a person initially registers to vote. The process of declaring a political party affiliation after the voter registration process varies between states but typically involves a filing a form requesting a party registration or a specific party's primary ballot.Full Answer >
A party realignment is when a political party realigns itself to new principles, and usually occurs after a major event that may alter the party's existing principles. An example of party realignment was seen in President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal.Full Answer >