Disabilities that would make someone eligible for Social Security disability benefits include back injuries, heart failure, hearing and vision loss, and certain respiratory illnesses. The Social Security Administration considers the effect of the condition on the individual's capacity to perform daily activities and work.
In order for someone to qualify for Social Security disability benefits, he must meet the Social Security Administration's definition of disabled. Social Security's definition requires that the applicant must have a severe impairment and the applicant must be unable to do substantial work because of his medical condition. In addition, the medical condition must have lasted at least one year, be expected to last at least one year, or be expected to result in the applicant's death.
Social Security determines a child to be disabled if the child has a mental or physical condition that seriously limits his activities and if the child's condition has lasted at least one year, is expected to last at least one year, or is expected to result in the child's death.
When a person applies for disability benefits through Social Security, Social Security collects medical and other information in order to make a determination as to whether the applicant meets Social Security's definition of disability.