Directed patrol is a proactive law enforcement method that addresses criminal activity within defined areas. This type of patrol is designed to prevent crime before it begins. Directed patrol officers receive specialized training to foster community involvement and support.
According to the National Institute of Justice, in two similar studies conducted in Kansas City and Indianapolis, the increased surveillance was a deterrent to criminal activity involving guns, especially in cases of homicide, robbery and aggravated assault.
Studies found that more arrests, detentions and report submissions occurred in proactive policing. This may be a result of the specific objectives applied in high-crime areas which gives officers more latitude in using forceful action.