Direct discrimination is when a person treats another in an unfair or unfavorable way because of specific personal characteristics, such as gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion or political views. Direct discrimination is often straightforward. Indirect discrimination is the design and implementation of practices, policies or rules which seem fair because they apply to all people but cause some people to be treated unfairly. Indirect discrimination is not obvious.Continue Reading
Direct discrimination happens because of the unfair stereotypes or assumptions which people develop against a specific person or group. An example of direct discrimination is refusing to hire aged people because of an assumption that they are not capable of learning new skills. Indirect discrimination occurs when specific conditions are unreasonable or unfairly disadvantageous to others. An example of indirect discrimination is a workplace policy that requires employees to work night shifts, without considering the needs of workers who have caring responsibilities. Discrimination can also take the form of harassment or victimization.
The law protects all people from all forms of discrimination, such as denial of education and health care services, biased recruitment, unfavorable working conditions and unfair dismissal. Examples of legislation that protects people from discrimination include the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Fair Housing Act of 1968, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Violence Against Women Act.Learn more about Law
Under federal law as of 2015, tenants have the right to be protected from discrimination on the basis of race, sex and religion, the right to a habitable home and the right to privacy, states FindLaw. Individual states and cities have further housing laws detailing tenants' rights.Full Answer >
It is illegal to fire an employee on the basis of gender, race, religion, ethnic background or disability, FindLaw says. It's also illegal to terminate an employee because he notified authorities of the employer's wrongdoing or lodged a complaint against his employer. Employers may not fire workers for performing civic duties such as jury duty or voting.Full Answer >
Olympic athlete diets may vary based on factors such as individual preference, sport, gender and nationality, but in general, these elite athletes tend to eat much more than the average person. For example, American swimmer Michael Phelps reportedly ate as many as 12,000 calories a day while competing in the 2008 Olympic Games. Because athletes require carbohydrates and fat, they may consume food that seems unhealthy in extreme amounts, such as pounds of pasta with oil or entire pints of ice cream in one sitting.Full Answer >
J.D. Power surveys collect a wide range of information about consumer demographics, such as age, gender, income level, ethnicity, and home or work location. The surveys also track customer satisfaction with products, including how easy the product is to use and likelihood of the customer recommending it to friends.Full Answer >