There are many different traffic violations. Violations are typically categorized as major or minor. Serious infractions include speeding, drunk or distracted driving, running a red light or stop sign, and leaving the scene of an accident, according to FindLaw. Laws and penalties vary according to jurisdiction.
Violations that endanger drivers or pedestrians are penalized most severely. Exceeding a posted speed limit is the most commonly ticketed violation, according to HG.org. Drivers exceeding a speed limit by 20 miles per hour or more can be cited with reckless driving. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs can result in a mandatory jail time or community service and loss of license in most jurisdictions.
Distracted driving is an increasing issue with the popularity of cell phones; many jurisdictions penalize texting drivers and require hands-free devices for those making phone calls, according to FindLaw.
Other major moving violations include tailgating, failure to pull over for emergency vehicles, ignoring stop signs on school buses, and erratic driving (weaving between lanes, crossing a median or driving on the shoulder), states HG.org. It is important for drivers to be aware of local regulations: for example, many jurisdictions require cars to stop for pedestrians in crosswalks. Driving with an invalid license or registration is deemed a serious offense by most jurisdictions, as is failure to wear a seat belt. Minor infractions include parking violations and vehicle malfunctions, such as a broken taillight.