According to California State University Stanislaus University Library, the United States features three basic types of laws: statutory, regulatory and case. Statutory laws are created by the legislative branch, regulatory laws originate from the executive branch and case law comes from the judiciary. Legislative laws are known by different terms depending on the timeline of their adoption.Continue Reading
At the federal level, statutory laws originate in Congress. When a proposed law is written by a member of Congress, it is called a bill. CSU Stanislaus explains that when a bill becomes law, it turns into a public law. After that, the law is codified in the U.S. Code. On the state level, legislatures create regulatory laws that are eventually codified in state codes.
Regulatory laws from federal departments start as proposed rules in the "Federal Register" before codification in the "Code of Federal Regulations." Regulatory laws further interpret statutory laws by listing standards and procedures to follow, according to the National League of Cities.
Case law emanates from state and federal courts. On the federal level, district courts handle the initial jurisdiction before an appeal goes to circuit courts, according to CSU Stanislaus. The Supreme Court has the final say on case law in the United States.
LawHelp.org explains that different types of federal laws include immigration, bankruptcy, copyright and criminal laws. Each state passes its own laws as long as they do not conflict with federal laws.Learn more about Law
Although spitting in public is not regulated in most places in the United States, certain jurisdictions have enacted their own laws against this practice. Daytona Beach bans spitting on streets, sidewalks, or in public buildings within city limits, as reported by CityLab.com. Penalties include fines up to $500 and a maximum jail sentence of 60 days. Other jurisdictions that ban public spitting include Richmond, Virginia; Dayton, Ohio; and Burlingame, California.Full Answer >
Immunization regulations in the United States are set by state laws, according to Lawyers.com. These laws only affect the immunization of children against certain diseases, Every state has regulations for school-aged children mandating immunization against certain diseases. The majority of the states require vaccines for children against diphtheria, hepatitis B, polio, measles, mumps and rubella, among other diseases. Some states allow exemptions based on the parents' religious or philosophical beliefs.Full Answer >
Food safety laws require certification of parties seeking to export meat products into the United States. The Food Safety Modernization Act approves only accredited third-party auditors to certify food facilities, says the Food and Drug Administration. Food processors must also institute processing safeguards throughout their production systems to reduce safety and health risks of manufactured foods, reports the National Conference of State Legislature.Full Answer >
Federal laws apply in every part of the United States, while state laws apply to local areas within a state, explains LawHelp.org. Federal laws typically involve issues such as immigration, bankruptcy, civil rights, patents and copyright, and taxation. State laws, on the other hand, often deal with criminal issues, divorce and other family matters, business contracting, welfare and property. Municipal laws relate to issues such as rents, zoning and safety.Full Answer >