In a judicial system, jurisdiction is broadly classified into three categories: personal jurisdiction, territorial jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction denotes the authority over an individual; territorial jurisdiction refers to the authority over a limited region; and subject matter jurisdiction is the authority over the issue at hand. In the United States, personal and subject matter jurisdictions are the main types of judicial authority.Continue Reading
In law, jurisdiction is the power granted to a formal judicial body to resolve lawsuits and issue pronouncements to legally carry out its verdicts. Jurisdiction also refers to the established boundary wherein the proper exercise of lawful authority is confined.
Personal jurisdiction, or "in personam" in legal jargon, can be enforced by a court over the litigants or defendants involved in a civil or criminal proceeding, notwithstanding their location. Territorial jurisdiction is a court's power to render a decision regarding certain incidents that transpired within a bounded geographical area, encompassing all those who were present at that time and place. Subject matter jurisdiction, or "in rem" jurisdiction, requires that all the details, concerning the subject matter of the lawsuit, be made available so the court can render an appropriate resolution. In the federal judicial system in the U.S., the subject matter jurisdiction is further divided into a "federal question jurisdiction," "supplemental jurisdiction" and "diversity jurisdiction."Learn more about Law
Every jurisdiction employs different procedures and rules when it comes to granting exemptions for jury duty, explains USCourts.gov. In most state courts, including Maryland Courts and the California State Bar, exemption is possible if the juror falls under certain circumstances that include mental disability, undue hardship and extreme inconvenience.Full Answer >
Status code 61 has several different possible meanings depending on jurisdiction. According to The Oregonian newspaper, the police code signal 61 means “subject in custody” in the state of Oregon. However, the Official Ten-Code List of the Association of Public Communications Officers says that 10-61 means “isolate self for message.”Full Answer >
Equal protection, as supported by the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment of the Constitution, provides equal protection of the law to all individuals within each state's jurisdiction, according to Cornell University Law School's Legal Information Institute. Equal protection was designed to deny states the right to discriminate.Full Answer >
Whether free or paid, legal advice should only be dispensed by an attorney licensed to practice in the jurisdiction in which the legal issue in question occurred. An attorney licensed only in the state of Georgia, for example, should give advice only about cases under Georgia's jurisdiction. Non-attorneys should never dispense legal advice, because by doing so, they commit the crime of unauthorized practice of law, or UPL.Full Answer >