Employment law covers topics that concern employees and their right to a fair and just workplace, states the National Employment Lawyers Association. This includes cases that involve discrimination, workers' compensation, privacy rights, sexual harassment, wrongful termination, workplace safety, employee benefits and similar labor-related concerns.
Lawyers who specialize in the field of employment or labor law may represent clients on both sides, including corporations, unions and individual employees, according to Brown University. The most common type of employment lawyer focuses on employee rights. Discrimination cases may be filed against employers, as well as unions, and may be related to wrongful discharge allegations. Discrimination may be based on age, sex, race, sexual orientation, disability, medical conditions or religion, says LawyerEdu.org.
Employment law also covers employee benefits, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act and retirement plans. An individual who is denied fair compensation for unemployment could benefit from the services of an employment lawyer. These professionals may also take cases that involve clients who were not paid proper wages or overtime hours, individuals who were not given legal breaks during the workday, and employees subjected to any type of workplace harassment, states Jonathon L. Gould, Employment Law. Qui tam claims, including cases of retaliation against whistleblowers, also fall within the scope of employment law.