In Texas school zones, it is against the law to text or use a handheld device while operating a vehicle, as stated by the Texas Department of Transportation. In California, the Gun Free School Zone Act makes it illegal to possess a firearm within 1,000 feet of an elementary school, secondary school, college, trade school or university, according to the Los Angeles Times.
In Austin, Texas, the Back to School Traffic Safety initiative cracks down on drivers who use cellphones in school zones with fines of at least $278. In 2013, the ban on cellphone usage during driving was extended to school property, which includes drop off zones and parking lots. In the same year, 29 tickets were written for using a wireless device, 269 tickets for speeding, and seven tickets for passing a school bus, according to KXAN News.
In California, the Gun Free School Zone Act was passed in 1995, and until 2015, the law gave exemptions to gun owners with conceal and carry permits. These exemptions were removed with the passage of SB 707, which took effect beginning in 2016, according to KSBW. Only gun owners with written permission from school district superintendents or those with equivalent authority are allowed to carry firearms on school campuses, according to the Daily Bruin.