What Are Some Differences Between the Republican and Democratic Parties?

Examples of differences between Democrats and Republicans include Democrats supporting progressive taxation, legalization of same-sex marriage, universal government health care and enhanced gun control. Conversely, Republicans support lower taxes, restrictions on same-sex marriage, free market health care options and limited gun control.

Democrats and Republicans sit on opposite ends of the political spectrum, with little agreement on many issues. In terms of the economy and tax policy, Democrats favor increasing the minimum wage significantly and increasing taxes on the wealthy, while cutting them on low and middle income earners. Republicans prefer wages to be dictated by free market forces and allowing all taxpayers to keep more of their money through lower taxation.

Democrats oppose school vouchers and favor increased public school spending for improved schools, hiring more teachers and reducing class sizes. Republicans favor vouchers to enable school choice and promote home schooling.

Energy policy is another area of widespread disagreement, with Democrats strongly in favor of green energy initiatives and environmentally friendly energy sources, while opposing drilling and fracking. Republicans seek tax incentives and generally favor more domestic drilling to increase energy production and to make the United States more energy self-sufficient with less reliance on foreign suppliers.

Relative to health care, Democrats favor health programs funded by the government, with the ultimate solution being single payer. Republicans, on the other hand, prefer wider consumer health care choice through private, market-driven solutions and cost lowering reforms, such as tort and medical malpractice reform.