What Are the Differences Between Democracy and Communism?

Although on the surface, democracy and communism seem to share a similar preference for putting the power in peoples’ hands, they are based on different ideological principles. These principles include the placement of leaders, allowance of religion, allowance of private property and the availability of class distinctions.

In a democracy, elected officials are placed in leadership positions. In communism, there are no leaders whatsoever. Decisions are led directly by the people. This has actually never been practiced in known history, with communist nations instead opting for leaders with a one-party system.

Whereas religious freedom is for the most part respected among a democratic society, religion and metaphysics are entirely abolished in communism, because an outside authority usually presented in religious beliefs conflict directly and ideologically with the definitive laws of communism.

In a communist society where no leader exists, all choice should be free. However, in practice, the opposite has been true with all possible options, including religion, education, employment and even marriage being carefully regulated by the state. Democracy adopts a majority rules viewpoint. All eligible citizens have a say in a particular judgment, and the majority decision provides the rule for all.

In theory, the lack of discrimination is where communism and democracy are most similar. In communism, all citizens are considered equal and to be treated as equal. In democracy, everyone has an equal say; however, in practice, this can create an oppressive society where the minority is never able to express their opinion.