Although on the surface, democracy and communism seem to share a similar preference for putting the power in peoples’ hands, they are based on different ideological principles. These principles include the placement of leaders, allowance of religion, allowance of private property and the availability of class distinctions.Continue Reading
In a democracy, elected officials are placed in leadership positions. In communism, there are no leaders whatsoever. Decisions are led directly by the people. This has actually never been practiced in known history, with communist nations instead opting for leaders with a one-party system.
Whereas religious freedom is for the most part respected among a democratic society, religion and metaphysics are entirely abolished in communism, because an outside authority usually presented in religious beliefs conflict directly and ideologically with the definitive laws of communism.
In a communist society where no leader exists, all choice should be free. However, in practice, the opposite has been true with all possible options, including religion, education, employment and even marriage being carefully regulated by the state. Democracy adopts a majority rules viewpoint. All eligible citizens have a say in a particular judgment, and the majority decision provides the rule for all.
In theory, the lack of discrimination is where communism and democracy are most similar. In communism, all citizens are considered equal and to be treated as equal. In democracy, everyone has an equal say; however, in practice, this can create an oppressive society where the minority is never able to express their opinion.Learn more about Types of Government
According to The University of West Georgia's Steve Goodman, Ph.D., participants in a democracy settle differences through elections and political compromise. The citizens of a democracy and those within the government have different methods to resolve differences. Citizens control who the decision makers are, while elected and unelected officials must strike bargains with other officials.Full Answer >
According to Dr. Dianne Berman of Santa Monica College, the advantages of federalism include the ability to experiment with policy, empowerment of local government, opportunities for direct democracy and decentralization of power. The disadvantages of federalism include conflict between regional and national governments and inequality between regional governments.Full Answer >
Fascism is a dictatorial form of government that rejects the tenets of democracy, socialism and capitalism, and a fascist will believe that the state has the right to take extreme measures, including conducting surveillance on its own citizens, to ensure citizens' adherence to rules and the dictator's continuing power. This is an absolutist form of government in which the ruling party and single person in power are held to be superior to all other citizens. Fascists do not believe strongly in human rights, such as freedom of speech and the right to protest the government and, as such, political demonstration and protest is typically a dangerous endeavor for those people living under fascist rule.Full Answer >
The people hold political power in a democracy. The system lets people choose their leaders through a competitive process and hold them accountable for their policies and conduct in public office. The people elect their representatives in law-making organs of the government, and those who lead them at national and state or local levels.Full Answer >