Q:

What is the difference between a senator and congressman?

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Quick Answer

A senator is a congressman, a congressman isn't necessarily a senator. Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, and both senators and representatives of the House are referred to as congressmen. A senator can always be referred to as a congressman, but a congressman is not necessarily a senator in the event they are a representative.

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What is the difference between a senator and congressman?
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Full Answer

The upper chamber of the U.S. Congress is the Senate, and the lower chamber is the House of Representatives. There are 100 sitting senators, and each of the 50 states has two senators. Depending on the size of the state in question, one senator can represent between 1 million and 37 million people. Senators serve staggered terms of 6 years.

There are 435 house representatives for each of the nation's 435 congressional districts. Each congressional district has a little over 700,000 people, and each district elects a representative to serve terms of 2 years in length. In general, the House and the Senate have an equal amount of legislative authority. Congress serves an important part in the operation of national defense. Congress has the exclusive power to make declaration of war, to augment the armed forces and to dictate rules for the military.

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    How can you write to your Congressman?

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    You can write to your local congressional representative by locating the contact information through the official website of the United States House of Representatives. Your letter should be short, and you should provide your personal contact information to allow the representative to reply.

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    What are the four roles a congressman plays?

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    How can you contact your congressman?

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    House.gov, the official House of Congress website, provides a list of representative pages with contact information. Enter your zip code in the box at the top of the page to find your representative, or click the Representatives link for a listing of all House of Congress members. On each representative's page, look for a Contact link, and keep in mind that most require individuals to enter their zip code, to prove that they do in fact live in that district, before being allowed to use the contact form.

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    What is the general salary of a U.S. congressman?

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    As of 2015, the salary for regular members of the U.S. House of Representatives is $174,000 per year, plus benefits. The salary is the same for those serving in the Senate. House and Senate leaders earn higher salaries, with the Speaker of the House earning $223,500 per year.

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