A prime minister is often an element of a parliamentary government, while constitutional republics have presidents. Their roles and degree of power differ substantially from one country to another. In constitutional monarchies, like the United Kingdom, the prime minister often assumes the role of a chief executive while the official executive—the monarch—only holds symbolic authority. In other countries, like France and Russia, the prime minister and president share power.Continue Reading
A prime minister acts as head of government, ensuring the passage of bills through the legislature and managing the civil service. In this respect, he is similar to a president, who is the head of his country's executive branch. Presidents, however, are normally popularly elected to their offices. A prime minister may be popularly elected at some point if he is a member of parliament, but he is either chosen by his party or by the chief executive.
The office of prime minister is an outgrowth of a monarchical government. Monarchs organized cabinets to help them govern the country, and the prime minister was the chief cabinet officer. As the authority of monarchs declined and parliaments assumed dominance in constitutional monarchies, the majority parties in legislatures began selecting prime ministers. In the modern era, the approval that monarchs give to prime ministers in such governments is merely ceremonial. Presidents, however, are generally a characteristic of constitutional republics, popular governments that develop without the monarchical element.Learn more about Politics
The national security advisor assists the president in national security affairs, providing real-time, immediate data and information about any significant global happenings that affects United States’ foreign policy. This position was first created by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 but assumed a more prominent role under President John F. Kennedy.Full Answer >
One power unique to the Senate is that the it is the only body that tries the president in case of impeachment. The House of Representatives impeaches the president, but the Senate conducts his trial.Full Answer >
In the United States, the president is responsible for either signing or vetoing bills passed by Congress. Veto power is rarely exercised, as Congress knows that it can only override a veto with a two-thirds vote of both Senate and House.Full Answer >
One of the most lauded precedents set by George Washington's presidency is his decision to choose the title of president of the United States. Washington instilled the idea that the president is an executive, not a monarch. Washington also avoided becoming dictatorial with his executive powers.Full Answer >