Marx developed many of the ideas that eventually became Russian Communism, but Lenin was the one to implement those ideas. Both leaders believed that workers should control their own fate instead of relying on the rich and powerful.Continue Reading
Marx believed that revolutions would take place spontaneously in advanced, industrialized states. Instead, the revolution he started took place in Russia.
Since Russia was populated mostly by peasant farmers, Lenin focused on industrial development. He believed that capitalist countries avoided revolution by forming new colonies and bringing enough wealth home to keep the population happy. Lenin also believed that an organized political party led by wealthier, more educated people is needed to form a revolution. These people were called bourgeoisie. Lenin formed a dictatorship that Marx probably would have been opposed to. Marx wanted all people to have the same wealth and opportunities.Learn more about Types of Government
Russian Communism advocated a workers' revolution, while Chinese Communism refocused its philosophy toward a peasant revolution. The former also proposed coexistence with capitalism, while the latter refused that notion and remained aggressive toward the USA as its imperialist enemy. These differences led to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s.Full Answer >
The major difference between Lenin and Stalin is that Stalin was willing to expand the nature and scope of the terror used to consolidate his and the party's power, while Lenin was not. Additionally, Stalin was willing to calculate even more aggressive large-scale policies concerning collectivization.Full Answer >
The main ideas in the Communist Manifesto are that the exploitation of one class by another class is wrong, and the working class needs to come together to take control of the state in order to eliminate class. This is so that all people share in the food, work and living situations available in the state. The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in order to share the communist beliefs with others.Full Answer >
Marxism would become one of the most revolutionary ideas of the 19th and 20th centuries, but its insistence on class warfare and a revolution from the proletariat has gathered some criticism, as have the harsh limits placed on the rights of the individual. While a society in which wealth is shared more equally has many proponents, the methods of the Marxists turned out to be brutal and ineffective.Full Answer >