Although the two terms are often used interchangeably, a political party can be a faction, but a faction is not necessarily a political party. A political party exists for the purpose of obtaining and maintaining power within the government. A faction is a group within a group that maintains influence.Continue Reading
The modern definition of factions does not include James Madison's original definition that they are groups that exist for the purpose of limiting citizens' rights and well-being. Factions form within a political party, nation, corporation or virtually any other venue in which those who maintain power have control over crucial decisions and policies, usually as the result of discontent about the existing powers.
Early factions in the United States formed as the result of dissent about the government's role regarding the rights of citizens. One group of forefathers believed that the role of the federal government must be limited, and the individual states must be at liberty to make many decisions, while others believed a large federal government with limited states' rights was better. Factions of like-minded people formed on both sides of the debate. These factions became the basis for the political party system, which the Constitution was intended to prevent.Learn more about Political Parties
The Public Broadcasting Service offers a free, 12-question quiz to determine political party leanings on its website, PBS.org. The quiz is based on survey results by the Pew Research Center. People-Press.org has a longer, 23-question quiz that is also backed by the Pew Research Center.Full Answer >
The five major functions of a political party are recruitment of candidates, fundraising, campaign support, advocacy of political issues and government organization. The Democrats and Republicans are the dominant political parties in the United States.Full Answer >
The Socialist Party of America resulted from the merger of the Social Democratic Party of America with the “Kangaroo” faction of the Socialist Labor Party in 1901. The party initially gained widespread support, especially among working-class immigrants, but began losing large portions of its membership due to its opposition to World War I, contentious relationships with established labor unions and the emergence of communism. This deeply divided its membership and led to large segments leaving to form alternative political organizations.Full Answer >
In most states, declaration of political party affiliation occurs when a person initially registers to vote. The process of declaring a political party affiliation after the voter registration process varies between states but typically involves a filing a form requesting a party registration or a specific party's primary ballot.Full Answer >