The main difference between bicameral and unicameral legislatures is that bicameral legislatures pass laws out of two chambers while unicameral legislatures do so out of one. At the federal level around the world, unicameral legislatures outnumber bicameral legislatures 115 to 64.Continue Reading
The federal government of the United States follows a bicameral system by dividing Congress into the Senate and the House of Representatives. The U.K. Parliament with its House of Lords and House of Commons is also bicameral. The Riksdag of Sweden and the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China are examples of unicameral assemblies.
Unicameral legislatures tend to pass laws quickly, and they offer greater accountability because there is no opposing side that can be blamed for mistakes or deadlock. Single-chamber governments can sometimes be run with fewer representatives, thereby saving taxpayers money. In contrast, bicameral legislatures facilitate discussion over important issues, restrain majority parties, block the passage of frivolous laws and deliver enhanced oversight over the executive branch. Many dual-chamber governments were formed to ensure voter representation across different social classes, ethnic groups or regional interests.
Within the United States, only Nebraska possesses a unicameral state legislature. Unicameralism has been proposed in the states of New York, Maine and Minnesota.Learn more about Types of Government
The purpose of a bicameral legislature is to represent two differing interests, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. Wikipedia states that a bicameral legislature also provides checks and balances, and it prevents the passage of bad legislation.Full Answer >
The disadvantages of bicameral legislatures are the delay of the lawmaking process and the waste of government resources. The bicameral legislature was designed as a checks and balances act by requiring legislation to be passed through two chambers.Full Answer >
Congress, the United States government's lawmaking branch, is a bicameral legislature that comprises the two chambers, or houses, of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The members of both houses are elected officials who meet at the U.S. Capitol for legislative sessions. The Senate is divided into committees, subcommittees and joint committees that serve specific interests, for example, the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; the Committee on Armed Services; the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Finance.Full Answer >
A bicameral legislature is composed of two chambers, both of which must pass legislation before it becomes law. The United States has a bicameral legislature, as Congress is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Bicameralism is intended to ensure that multiple perspectives are involved in the legislative process.Full Answer >