Although it may sound foreign to many living in the Western world, not all people have historically believed that democracy is the best form of government. Advocates for dictatorship or similar systems often argue that democracy is unreliable, particularly because the will of the people is at best an abstract idea and popular opinion cannot be trusted to make rational, informed policy choices.Continue Reading
Philosophical criticism of democracy goes at least as far back as Plato, who had a deep dislike for it. According to Frostburg's Faculty, Plato saw democracy as giving power over to "incompetent politicians, ignorant voters, over-ambitious generals and other people unsuited to run a state." For Plato, allowing the common people to guide the state was similar to having untested seamen steer a ship. Instead, society needed the figure of the strong captain to provide direction, an individual with the proper character and training. For such critics of democracy, the will of the people is a dangerous thing. There are too many different interests spread among too many groups. Consequently, these interests often find themselves at odds with others. Therefore, allowing the people to decide policy ultimately leads to conflicts among the people themselves, and this leads to public disorder, violent struggle and perhaps even anarchy.
Advocates for dictatorship argue that only a strong, experienced leader can curb the worst effects of this disorder and bring society and the political sphere back into proper harmony. Indeed, for such thinkers, the single charismatic figure of the dictator is the adhesive that prevents a nation from being torn apart.Learn more about Types of Government
A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.Full Answer >
Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.Full Answer >
Cuba, Syria and North Korea are three countries that have a dictatorship government. As of 2014, 23 countries around the world have a dictatorship type of government in one form or another.Full Answer >
A dictatorship is a system of government in which a single person or party has complete political power; the dictator often maintains power by employing oppressive methods. Dictatorship is an old form of government with origins in ancient Rome. Dictators often ascend to power through democratic means but use their authority to subvert constitutional safeguards.Full Answer >