The Department of Veterans Affairs was created to provide a range of services, such as health care, to veterans. The department uses three different agencies to administer services to vets.
The Veterans Health Administration, or VHA, is tasked with overseeing health care for veterans. The agency is also manages biomedical research projects. Veterans can receive care at VA clinics in their area or travel to other clinics.
The Veterans Benefits Administration, or VBA, is responsible for helping veterans register for benefits and determining whether or not applicants are eligible for services. In addition to these services, the VBA processes home loan applications, provides vocational training, help finding employment, and administers the GI bill. The agency also is responsible for overseeing the pension and compensation for veterans.
The final agency involved in the VA is the National Cemetery Administration. The agency is responsible for burial and memorial services for veterans. It also oversees the maintenance of VA cemeteries. The VA is sometimes tasked with special assignments. For instance, the Obama administration tasked the VA with helping to eliminate homelessness among veterans. Depending on health and income, some veterans can receive services through the VA without charge. Some may be required to pay a portion of their care.