A democracy is a type of government where the creation, evolution and proposal of laws are made through the engagement of all eligible citizens. There are several types of democratic systems, such as direct and semi-direct, representative, parliamentary, presidential, constitutional and hybrid democracies.Continue Reading
A democracy has four major pillars consisting of a law, the safeguard of human rights, participation of the citizens and fair elections to choose and replace the body of government.
In a direct democracy, all eligible citizens directly participate in the political system by changing constitutional laws, suggesting or initiating laws and binding officials to their campaign promise by threat of dismissal or lawsuit.
A representative democracy elects officials through a free and fair vote of popularity to represent the citizens and their interests. In a parliamentary democracy, representatives of the citizens can appoint and dismiss members of government if they don't live up to their standards.
A presidential democracy is a type of government where a president is elected by the people in a free election and gains power over the state and government, effectively gaining the majority of executive powers.
A constitutional democracy binds elected representatives to a constitution constraining the powers of officials.
A hybrid democracy uses parts of representative and direct democracies to form participatory democracies. Examples include the U.S. states of California, Vermont, the New England region and the country of Switzerland. The first democracy was a direct democracy performed by the Greek people.Learn more about Types of Government
Fascism is a dictatorial form of government that rejects the tenets of democracy, socialism and capitalism, and a fascist will believe that the state has the right to take extreme measures, including conducting surveillance on its own citizens, to ensure citizens' adherence to rules and the dictator's continuing power. This is an absolutist form of government in which the ruling party and single person in power are held to be superior to all other citizens. Fascists do not believe strongly in human rights, such as freedom of speech and the right to protest the government and, as such, political demonstration and protest is typically a dangerous endeavor for those people living under fascist rule.Full Answer >
Representative democracy is a governmental structure based upon citizens electing representatives to serve on their behalf. Representative democracy contrasts with direct democracy, in which citizens directly manage the affairs of the government.Full Answer >
The characteristics of a true democracy are the right of citizens to choose their government representatives, a government with limited powers, majority rule, minority rights, and effective checks and balances on the government. Democracies are maintained through rule of law as established by a written constitution.Full Answer >
A direct democracy permits citizens to directly vote on legislation rather than voting for a representative who takes on the task himself. Because the decision making process is left to the people, this form of governmental rule is seen as more equitable and less arbitrary. De-centralization is another advantage of using this type of process. However, using a direct system can result in voter fraud or the exploitation of minorities.Full Answer >