Taxation without representation is the imposition of taxes on citizens without the consent or representation of the citizens. Taxation without representation also refers to the general sentiment of colonists prior to the American Revolution. At that time, taxes were created by the English parliament and imposed upon the colonists without their consent, and they had no representation within parliament.Continue Reading
Several laws passed by the English parliament led to taxation without representation, such as the Townsend Acts, enacted in 1767. These acts imposed taxes on commodities such as lead, paint, paper and tea that were imported to the colonies. Another example is the Stamp Act, which taxed colonists for making certain kinds of business transactions. Taxation without representation was ultimately one of the reasons that colonists drafted the Declaration of Independence. In the second half of this document, specific grievances are listed, including taxation without representation.
More recently, taxation without representation has become the slogan for the District of Columbia voting rights movement. At issue is the fact that residents of the District of Columbia do not currently have representation in the House of Representatives or the Senate. Rather, this area is considered to be a federal district governed by Congress.Learn more about The Constitution
The 27th Amendment prevents members of Congress from granting themselves a pay raise or other change in compensation without the consent of the American public. Rather than allowing a change in pay for Congress to be enacted immediately, the 27th Amendment stipulates that another election must take place before the change in compensation takes effect.Full Answer >
Popular sovereignty, which is a type of governance based on the consent and approval of the people, appears in Article VII of the United States Constitution. Popular sovereignty is considered one of the most important, basic and essential rights of the American people. It is established as an irrevocable right, to be enjoyed by all citizens of the U.S., and was deemed so important by the drafters of the Constitution that it appears in the Preamble, introducing the document with the words "We the people of the United States…"Full Answer >
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia, also known as the Philadelphia Convention, agreed to terms that established the powers of Congress and rules regarding representation that are presently enacted. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 gave Congress the power to regulate the economy, the national defense system and the currency. The Philadelphia Convention also established the rules that dictated the representation each state would receive in the Congress.Full Answer >
The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention ended the debate over congressional representation by establishing a two-branch legislature with each state represented equally in the Senate, and proportionately by population in the House of Representatives. Its debate also addressed how slaves would be counted toward a state's population.Full Answer >