In political theory, the "Iron Law of Oligarchy" holds that in any organization or society, an elite will naturally emerge independently of democratic election. The theory holds that as businesses grow, so dow power, and as power grows, so does corruptionContinue Reading
The elite is referred to as an "organized minority," whereas the other members from whom the elite inevitably wrest control are referred to as the "unorganized majority."
The theory was introduced by the German sociologist, Robert Michels, in 1915, who was later to become a key supporter of Mussolini's fascist regime in Italy. Michels based his theory on the European political parties of his time, noting that the increase of an organization's complexity over time requires a specialized elite (or bureaucracy) and also curtails ordinary member participation in decision-making.Learn more about Types of Government
According to the University of Texas at Arlington, U.S. citizens study government to become informed voters, to understand their Constitutional rights, to know their responsibilities under the law and to think about how processes can be improved to benefit society. Students typically start learning about the government in elementary school.Full Answer >
The elite and class theory promotes the idea that a rich elite holds most of the power in U.S. politics, and therefore determines policies and living conditions for the rest of society. This theory acknowledges that people have the right to vote, but states that the rich elite are able to form conditions that shape policies despite this.Full Answer >
Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a kind of government in which either a few people or a dominant group has all the power.Full Answer >
In general terms, sociolinguistic theory examines all of the ways in which society, by its organization, norms and institutions, exerts power over language and its use. Sociolinguistic theory should thus be differentiated from the sociology of language, which examines the opposite train of influence, that of language over society.Full Answer >