Court dates for inmates are set based on the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that guarantees a speedy trial for a criminal defendant. Both state and federal courts abide by this requirement, and criminal courts schedule court dates based on getting a defendant to trial as quickly as possible.
California criminal courts must try a defendant charged with a felony within 60 days of arraignment. The only exception to this rule is if there is good cause to delay the trial more than 60 days. A California criminal defendant can waive the speedy trial requirements, allowing his case to proceed at a slower pace.
Michigan criminal courts have access to the Judicial Information System computer scheduling that automatically generates court dates for a criminal defendant. This computer system is established and maintained by the Supreme Court State Court Administrative Office as of April 2015. Trial court judges can change the dates established by the computer if there is just cause for an excusable delay or if the defendant waives his right to a speedy trial.
The state of Maine has an Administrative Office of the Courts that has a Unified Criminal Docket that assists in criminal cases being scheduled and resolved in a timely manner, ensuring a criminal defendant is brought to trial quickly. The UCD automatically sets criminal court dates, which can then be changed by the trial court judge if needed.