As of 2014, euthanasia is only legal in three countries: the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. Each country has a law pertaining to euthanasia, and while some consider it illegal, others have legalized assisted suicide.
Euthanasia has been the center of controversy in many countries throughout history. While only the three countries listed above have legalized it, there are several countries where it was once legal, but lawmakers have overturned the decision. While euthanasia is not common, more countries allow what is known as assisted suicide. Regardless of the country in question, there are strict rules, regulations and guidelines pertaining to assisted suicide.
In the United States, three states allow for assisted suicide: Oregon, Washington and Vermont. In order for the act to be carried out, a physician must prescribe a medication, but the terminally ill person must administer it themselves. The patient must be diagnosed with a terminal illness and have less than 6 months to live.