The United Kingdom, Israel, New Zealand and Saudi Arabia are among countries that have uncodified constitutions as of October 2014, which means that laws are written in these countries, but they are not necessarily defined by an overriding document. The UK's legal system is run by Parliament. Saudi Arabia bases its laws on the Holy Qu'ran. Israel has Basic Laws, whereas New Zealand's founding document is the Treaty of Waitangi.Continue Reading
The United Kingdom's laws passed by Parliament are called statutes. Statutes are codified as the highest form of law in the country. Conventions are unwritten practices that develop over time and offer guidelines for governing Great Britain.
Saudi Arabia's monarchy passes from one generation to the next as direct descendants of King Abd al-Aziz Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa'ud. The country has a loose constitution that states the monarchy governs with Islamic Shari'ah law.
Israel's Basic Laws are passed by the Knesset. The legislative body of Israel did not create a founding constitution in 1948, so subsequent Knesset sessions simply passed codified, basic laws. When basic laws contradict previous legislation, the High Court of Justice issues rulings.
New Zealand's legal system includes key pieces of legislation, the Treaty of Waitangi, common law, established conventions and crucial documents. New Zealand's governor-general insists the country has a written constitution, though the laws of the land lack a basic document that defines future legal principles.Learn more about Types of Government
As of October 2014, there are no countries that are considered fascist according to generally accepted definitions of fascism. There are several countries with significant, active fascist or neo-fascist movements and with some representation in national politics. Countries with fascist elements and ideologies present in their governments include Syria, Bulgaria, Armenia, Venezuela, Bolivia, France, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Ukraine, the Netherlands and Hungary.Full Answer >
North Korea, Cuba and Zimbabwe are countries that have planned economies, as of October 2014. The largest country to have a planned economy was the Soviet Union. A planned economy, or a command economy, involves near-total government control of industries, commerce, manufacturing, output and economic activity. A large portion of a country's gross domestic product comes from government programs in a planned economy.Full Answer >
The Supremacy Clause states that the Constitution, the laws of the United States and all treaties under the authority of the United States are deemed the supreme law of the land, meaning it overrides state constitutions and laws. It is the second clause of Article VI of the Constitution.Full Answer >
While the laws surrounding prime minister duties vary between countries, these responsibilities are often based on the British system. Prime ministers are the head of state and determine government business and cabinet agendas. A prime minister selects, reassigns and removes cabinet ministers, and prime ministers select upper house members, top civil servants, ambassadors and judges. Additionally, prime ministers hold the power to hide information from the public and parliament.Full Answer >