There are at least 34 constitutional monarchies that exist today. Some of the countries that have constitutional monarchies include the United Kingdom, Thailand and the Solomon Islands. In these places, a figurehead is in power primarily for ceremonial duties, although the monarch may also have power that is leveled out with the other sections of the government.
A constitutional monarchy is a type of government that has a monarch, like a king, queen, emperor or empress, who acts as the head of state. The monarch acts within the parameters set by a constitution, which can either be blended, written, or unwritten. This kind of government differs from a monarchy because there is usually a parliamentary system in place that splits power, while the monarch may be restricted to ceremonial duties or reserved powers. Some constitutional monarchies like the United Kingdom have a prime minister who is the head of government, similar to a president in a democracy.
Some other constitutional monarchies include Australia, Bahrain, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain, Sweden, Tuvalu, Liechtenstein, Jordan, Japan, Grenada, Denmark and Cambodia. These are contemporary constitutional monarchies. There is also something called a federal constitutional monarchy, which is split into subdivisions with different monarchs. One example of this type of monarchy is in Bhutan.