Some conservative judges in North Carolina include Mark Martin, Paul Newby, Robert Edmunds Jr. and Barbara Jackson, who make up a 4-3 Republican majority on the state's Supreme Court as of 2015. Fourth Circuit judge Allyson Kay Duncan of Raleigh was appointed by Republican President George W. Bush.
North Carolina ballots identify judges by party affiliation, and the 2014 state Supreme Court election saw the Republicans' majority drop from 5-2 to 4-3. The state legislature changed the system in 2015 so that judges would face retention elections rather than contested elections, a move which Mother Jones opined was aimed at keeping that 4-3 majority in 2016. At the federal level, Duncan is the only Republican-appointed judge sitting on the fourth circuit as of 2015.